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Case Reports in Urology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 354104, 4 pages
Case Report

Laparoscopic Nephrectomy, Ex Vivo Partial Nephrectomy, and Autotransplantation for the Treatment of Complex Renal Masses

1Section of Urology, University of Manitoba, Z3013-409 Taché Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R2H 2A6
2Department of Urology, University of Washington, BB1121-1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
3Section of Vascular Surgery, University of Manitoba, GF547-820 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3A 1R9

Received 28 July 2014; Accepted 15 November 2014; Published 24 November 2014

Academic Editor: Christian Pavlovich

Copyright © 2014 Jasmir Gopal Nayak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In the contemporary era of minimally invasive surgery, very few T1/T2 renal lesions are not amenable to nephron-sparing surgery. However, centrally located lesions continue to pose a clinical dilemma. We sought to describe our local experience with three cases of laparoscopic nephrectomy, ex vivo partial nephrectomy, and autotransplantation. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy was performed followed by immediate renal cooling and perfusion with isotonic solution. Back-table partial nephrectomy, renorrhaphy, and autotransplantation were then performed. Mean warm ischemia (WIT) and cold ischemic times (CIT) were 2 and 39 minutes, respectively. Average blood loss was 267 mL. All patients preserved their renal function postoperatively. Final pathology confirmed pT1, clear cell renal cell carcinoma with negative margins in all. All are disease free at up to 39 months follow-up with stable renal function. In conclusion, the described approach remains a viable option for the treatment of complex renal masses preserving oncological control and renal function.