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Case Reports in Urology
Volume 2014, Article ID 727580, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/727580
Case Report

Autopsy Report with Clinical and Pathophysiologic Discussion of Autosomal Dominant Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
2Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital-Hamilton, 1 Hamilton Health Place, Hamilton, NJ 08690, USA

Received 18 April 2014; Accepted 3 September 2014; Published 17 September 2014

Academic Editor: Giovanni Luca Gravina

Copyright © 2014 Anup Hazra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The average weight of a kidney is approximately 135 gm, measuring on average 10 × 6 × 4 cm. In hereditary conditions, autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, the shape, size, and the weight can be significantly abnormal, causing progressive renal failure, often necessitating dialysis or renal transplant for survival. We report a case of adult polycystic kidney disease in a 50-year-old female without a family history, who died of complications of the disease which included accelerated hypertension, and renal and cardiac failure.