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Case Reports in Urology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1375923, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1375923
Case Report

Postrenal Failure due to Urinary Stones Associated with Acute Viral Gastroenteritis: Three Case Reports

Department of Urology, University of Yamanashi Graduate School of Medical Science, 1110 Shimokato Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan

Received 12 August 2016; Accepted 10 October 2016

Academic Editor: Elijah O. Kehinde

Copyright © 2016 Satoru Kira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Acute gastroenteritis with viral infection in infants causes severe diarrhea and often results in acute renal failure due to severe dehydration. However, a viral infection, particularly rotavirus, rarely induces postrenal failure due to bilateral stones in infants. Herein, we report three cases of postrenal failure in infants due to bilateral ureteral stones induced by acute gastroenteritis with rotavirus. Following immediately nephrostomy, chemical dissolution therapy succeeded to treat postrenal failure. Immediate nephrostomy for the release of upper urinary tract obstruction combined with urinary alkalization as a chemical dissolution therapy should be considered in such cases.