Case Reports in Urology / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Case Report

A Case of Renal Pelvic Cancer Complicated by Horseshoe Kidney Treated with RoboSurgeon Gasless Single-Port Retroperitoneoscopic Nephroureterectomy

Table 1

Authors (year)ApproachOperation time (min)Blood loss (ml)complications

Palmer et al. (2011)Transperitoneal laparo (HALS)None
Murakami et al. (2007)Transperitoneal laparo300400None
The present caseRetroperitoneal RoboSurgeon304510None

HALS: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

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