Case Reports in Urology / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Case Report

Traumatic Blunt Force Renal Injury in a Diseased Horseshoe Kidney with Successful Embolization to Treat Active Bleeding: A Case Report and Literature Review

Table 1

Summary of reported treatment outcomes and complications of blunt force injuries of horseshoe kidneys.

Author (publication year)Age (years)SexPR (bpm)BP (mmHg)AAST (grade)Signs and symptomsActive extravasation of contrast mediumManagementLocation of injuryComplication

Daudia (1998) [8]25Male60100/60NAGross hematuria
NAOpen repairLeft lower poleNone
Legg (1998) [11]49Male102128/84NAHemorrhagic shock grade 2
YesEmbolizationLeft lower pole accessory renal arteryRetroperitoneal fluid collection
Trottier (2009) [7]21MaleTachycardia (no number)Hypotensive (no number)4Hemorrhagic shock grade 3YesEndovascular with stentRight polar artery arising from the common iliac arteryCompartment syndrome of the retroperitoneum
Dominguez (2010) [13]16FemaleStable (no number)Stable (no number)4Kidney transectionNoConservativeNoneNone
Molina Escudero (2011) [12]25MaleStable (no number)Stable (no number)NAGross hematuria
Hemorrhagic shock grade 3
YesEmbolizationLower branch of right renal arteryNone
Paragi (2011) [9]30MaleStable (no number)Stable (no number)NAExpanding retroperitoneal hematoma
NAOpen repairLeft wing of horseshoe kidneyLeft subdiaphragmatic abscess
Cortese (2016) [10]31Male14080/504Hemorrhagic shock grade 3YesOpen repairBilateral renal arteryNone
Present case (2019)57Male14090/604Hemorrhagic shock grade 2YesEmbolizationLower branch of right renal arteryInfected hematoma

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