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Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 536204, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/536204
Case Report

Ultrasonographic, Surgical, and Histopathological Findings of a Uterine Leiomyoma in a Cow

1Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HP Agriculture University, Himachal Pradesh, Palampur 176062, India
2Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HP Agriculture University, Himachal Pradesh, Palampur 176062, India
3Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HP Agriculture University, Himachal Pradesh, Palampur 176062, India

Received 28 November 2011; Accepted 15 January 2012

Academic Editor: L. Espino López

Copyright © 2012 Arvind Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objective of this case report was to describe the ultrasonographic, surgical, and histopathological findings of a rare clinical case of uterine leiomyoma in a 5-year-old Holstein crossbred cow presented for diagnosis and treatment of infertility. Transrectal palpation revealed a large nonpainful mass suspected to be an abscess or a tumor in the caudal abdomen on the right side. Transabdominal ultrasonography revealed a round mass with irregular hypoechogenic/echogenic foci and a thin echogenic capsule around it. Ultrasonographic-guided centesis of the lesion under local analgesia did not yield any foul smelling aspirate leading to a tentative diagnosis of an intra-abdominal tumor. The lesion was later confirmed by exploratory laparotomy and histopathology as a case of uterine leiomyoma. The cow gave birth to a live normal calf 12 months following the surgery. Rectal examination after parturition revealed no evidence of the tumor at the surgical site. Ultrasonography enabled prompt, noninvasive diagnosis of uterine leiomyoma and proved to be a useful decision-making tool in the abdominal surgery of the cow. This is an interesting case which broadens the spectrum of the causes of infertility in cattle.