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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 18, Issue 4, Pages e66-e67
Case Report

Transient Elevation of the Ipsilateral Hemidiaphragm Associated with Pneumonia

Andrew Fretzayas,1 Maria Moustaki,1 Polyxeni Nicolaidou,1 Efthimia Alexopoulou,2 and Konstantinos N Priftis3

13rd Department of Pediatrics, “Attikon” University Hospital, University of Athens, Greece
2Department of Radiology, “Attikon” University Hospital, University of Athens, Greece
3Department of Allergy and Pulmonology, “Penteli” Children’s Hospital, Athens, Greece

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Seventeen children with lobar or segmental pneumonia and ispilateral elevation of the diaphragm are described. These children did not differ significantly with respect to clinical and laboratory findings from their counterparts with pneumonia but without elevation of the hemidiaphragm. The elevation was transient and resolved by the time the repeat chest x-ray was taken six to eight weeks later.