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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 19 (2012), Issue 4, Pages 273-277
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/560323
Original Article

Oscillometric and Spirometric Bronchodilator Response in Preschool Children with and without Asthma

Youn Ho Shin,1 Sun Jung Jang,1 Jung Won Yoon,1 Hye Mi Jee,1 Sun Hee Choi,2 Hye Yung Yum,3 David Warburton,4 and Man Yong Han1

1Department of Pediatrics, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea
3Atopy Clinic, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
4Developmental Biology and Regenerative Medicine Program Saban Research Institute, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine and Ostrow School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, California, USA

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bronchodilator responses (BDR) are routinely used in the diagnosis and management of asthma; however, their acceptability and repeatability have not been evaluated using quality control criteria for preschool children.

OBJECTIVES: To compare conventional spirometry with an impulse oscillometry system (IOS) in healthy and asthmatic preschool children.

METHODS: Data from 30 asthmatic children and 29 controls (two to six years of age) who underwent IOS and spirometry before and after salbutamol administration were analyzed.

RESULTS: Stable asthmatic subjects significantly differed versus controls in their spirometry-assessed BDR (forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1], forced vital capacity and forced expiratory flow at 25% to 75% of forced vital capacity) as well as their IOS-assessed BDR (respiratory resistance at 5 Hz [Rrs5], respiratory reactance at 5 Hz and area under the reactance curve). However, comparisons based on the area under the ROC curve for ΔFEV1 % initial versus ΔRrs5 % initial were 0.82 (95% CI 0.71 to 0.93) and 0.75 (95% CI 0.62 to 0.87), respectively. Moreover, the sensitivity and specificity for ΔFEV1 ≥9% were 0.53 and 0.93, respectively. Importantly, sensitivity increased to 0.63 when either ΔFEV1 ≥9% or ΔRrs5 ≥29% was considered as an additional criterion for the diagnosis of asthma.

CONCLUSION: The accuracy of asthma diagnosis in preschool children may be increased by combining spirometry with IOS when measuring BDR.