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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 2018, Article ID 6518572, 5 pages
Research Article

Cost Analysis of Noninvasive Helmet Ventilation Compared with Use of Noninvasive Face Mask in ARDS

1Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
2Department of Critical Care Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
3University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
4Clinical Epidemiology Program, The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON, Canada
5School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
6Institute of Clinical and Evaluative Sciences (ICES uOttawa), Ottawa, ON, Canada
7Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
8University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Kwadwo Kyeremanteng;

Received 21 August 2017; Accepted 4 January 2018; Published 8 February 2018

Academic Editor: Inmaculada Alfageme

Copyright © 2018 Kwadwo Kyeremanteng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Intensive care unit (ICU) costs have doubled since 2000, totalling 108 billion dollars per year. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has a prevalence of 10.4% and a 28-day mortality of 34.8%. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is used in up to 30% of cases. A recent randomized controlled trial by Patel et al. (2016) showed lower intubation rates and 90-day mortality when comparing helmet to face mask NIV in ARDS. The population in the Patel et al. trial was used for cost analysis in this study. Projections of cost savings showed a decrease in ICU costs by $2527 and hospital costs by $3103 per patient, along with a 43.3% absolute reduction in intubation rates. Sensitivity analysis showed consistent cost reductions. Projected annual cost savings, assuming the current prevalence of ARDS, were $237538 in ICU costs and $291682 in hospital costs. At a national level, using yearly incidence of ARDS cases in American ICUs, this represents $449 million in savings. Helmet NIV, compared to face mask NIV, in nonintubated patients with ARDS, reduces ICU and hospital direct-variable costs along with intubation rates, LOS, and mortality. A large-scale cost-effectiveness analysis is needed to validate the findings.