Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 568918, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/568918
Research Article

Dyssynchrony Assessment with Tissue Doppler Imaging and Regional Volumetric Analysis by 3D Echocardiography Do Not Predict Long-Term Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

Received 18 August 2010; Revised 9 November 2010; Accepted 28 November 2010

Academic Editor: Dirk Westermann

Copyright © 2011 Suman S. Kuppahally et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. G. F. Cleland, J. C. Daubert, E. Erdmann et al., “The effect of cardiac resynchronization on morbidity and mortality in heart failure,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 352, no. 15, pp. 1539–1549, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  2. S. Cazeau, C. Leclercq, T. Lavergne et al., “Effects of multisite biventricular pacing in patients with heart failure and intraventricular conduction delay,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 344, no. 12, pp. 873–880, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. W. T. Abraham, W. G. Fisher, A. L. Smith et al., “Cardiac resynchronization in chronic heart failure,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 24, pp. 1845–1853, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  4. G. Gregoratos, J. Abrams, A. E. Epstein et al., “ACC/AHA/NASPE 2002 guideline update for implantation of cardiac pacemakers and antiarrhythmia devices: summary article. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (ACC/AHA/NASPE Committee to Update the 1998 Pacemaker Guidelines),” Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1183–1199, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  5. G. B. Bleeker, M. J. Schalij, S. G. Molhoek et al., “Relationship between QRS duration and left ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with end-stage heart failure,” Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 544–549, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  6. G. B. Bleeker, J. J. Bax, J. W. H. Fung et al., “Clinical versus echocardiographic parameters to assess response to cardiac resynchronization therapy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 260–263, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  7. C. M. Yu, W. T. Abraham, J. Bax et al., “Predictors of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (PROSPECT)—study design,” American Heart Journal, vol. 149, no. 4, pp. 600–605, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. P. Sogaard, H. Egeblad, W. Y. Kim et al., “Tissue Doppler imaging predicts improved systolic performance and reversed left ventricular remodeling during long-term cardiac resynchronization therapy,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 723–730, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. V. Pitzalis, M. Iacoviello, R. Romito et al., “Cardiac resynchronization therapy tailored by echocardiographic evaluation of ventricular asynchrony,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 1615–1622, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. M. V. Pitzalis, M. Iacoviello, R. Romito et al., “Ventricular asynchrony predicts a better outcome in patients with chronic heart failure receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 65–69, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. J. J. Bax, G. B. Bleeker, T. H. Marwick et al., “Left ventricular dyssynchrony predicts response and prognosis after cardiac resynchronization therapy,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1834–1840, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. D. Notabartolo, J. D. Merlino, A. L. Smith et al., “Usefulness of the peak velocity difference by tissue Doppler imaging technique as an effective predictor of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 817–820, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. C. M. Yu, W. H. Fung, H. Lin, Q. Zhang, J. E. Sanderson, and C. P. Lau, “Predictors of left ventricular reverse remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy for heart failure secondary to idiopathic dilated or ischemic cardiomyopathy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 684–688, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. E. S. Chung, A. R. Leon, L. Tavazzi et al., “Results of the predictors of response to crt (prospect) trial,” Circulation, vol. 117, no. 20, pp. 2608–2616, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  15. O. I. I. Soliman, D. A. M. J. Theuns, M. L. Geleijnse et al., “Spectral pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging lateral-to-septal delay fails to predict clinical or echocardiographic outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy,” Europace, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 113–118, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. Q. Zhang, C. M. Yu, J. W. H. Fung et al., “Assessment of the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy on intraventricular mechanical synchronicity by regional volumetric changes,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 126–129, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. N. A. Marsan, M. M. Henneman, J. Chen et al., “Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography as a novel approach to quantify left ventricular dyssynchrony: a comparison study with phase analysis of gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography,” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 801–807, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. S. Kapetanakis, M. T. Kearney, A. Siva, N. Gall, M. Cooklin, and M. J. Monaghan, “Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography: a novel technique to quantify global left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony,” Circulation, vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 992–1000, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  19. S. S. Kuppahally, M. B. Fowler, R. Vagelos et al., “Worsening of left ventricular end-systolic volume and mitral regurgitation without increase in left ventricular dyssynchrony on acute interruption of cardiac resynchronization therapy,” Echocardiography, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 759–765, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  20. O. I. I. Soliman, M. L. Geleijnse, D. A. M. J. Theuns et al., “Usefulness of left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography to predict long-term response to cardiac resynchronization therapy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 103, no. 11, pp. 1586–1591, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. S. A. Kleijn, J. van Dijk, C. C. de Cock, C. P. Allaart, A. C. van Rossum, and O. Kamp, “Assessment of intraventricular mechanical dyssynchrony and prediction of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy: comparison between tissue Doppler imaging and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography,” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1047–1054, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  22. J. D. Thomas, “How leaky is that mitral valve? Simplified Doppler methods to measure regurgitant orifice area,” Circulation, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 548–550, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. B. Young, W. T. Abraham, A. L. Smith et al., “Combined cardiac resynchronization and implantable cardioversion defibrillation in advanced chronic heart failure: the MIRACLE ICD trial,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 289, no. 20, pp. 2685–2694, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  24. A. J. Moss, W. J. Hall, D. S. Cannom et al., “Cardiac-resynchronization therapy for the prevention of heart-failure events,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 361, no. 14, pp. 1329–1338, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  25. G. Wikstrom, C. Blomström-Lundqvist, B. Andren et al., “The effects of aetiology on outcome in patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy in the CARE-HF trial,” European Heart Journal, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 782–788, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  26. N. A. Marsan, G. B. Bleeker, R. J. van Bommel et al., “Comparison of time course of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with ischemic versus nonischemic cardiomyopathy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 103, no. 5, pp. 690–694, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  27. A. J. Bank, C. L. Kaufman, A. S. Kelly et al., “Results of the prospective Minnesota study of ECHO/TDI in cardiac resynchronization therapy (PROMISE-CRT) study,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 401–409, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  28. G. B. Bleeker, S. A. Mollema, E. R. Holman et al., “Left ventricular resynchronization is mandatory for response to cardiac resynchronization therapy: analysis in patients with echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular dyssynchrony at baseline,” Circulation, vol. 116, no. 13, pp. 1440–1448, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  29. C.-M. Yu, H. Lin, Q. Zhang, and J. E. Sanderson, “High prevalence of left ventricular systolic and diastolic asynchrony in patients with congestive heart failure and normal QRS duration,” Heart, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 54–60, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  30. R. Abdelhadi, E. Adelstein, A. Voigt, J. Gorcsan, and S. Saba, “Measures of left ventricular dyssynchrony and the correlation to clinical and echocardiographic response after cardiac resynchronization therapy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 102, no. 5, pp. 598–601, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed