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Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 740957, 7 pages
Clinical Study

Depressive Symptoms in a General Population: Associations with Obesity, Inflammation, and Blood Pressure

1Cardiology Department, Bakirköy Sadi Konuk Education and Research Hospital, 34145 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
4Department of Cardiology, S. Ersek Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Istanbul, Turkey
5Department of Public Health, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Turkey

Received 11 August 2011; Revised 3 November 2011; Accepted 7 November 2011

Academic Editor: P. Holvoet

Copyright © 2011 Yüksel Doğan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


To determine whether obesity, inflammation, or conventional risk factors are related to depressive symptoms (DeprSy) in the general population. Responses to 3 questions served to assess sense of depression. Body mass index (BMI), C-reactive protein (CRP), and other epidemiologic data of participants were available. In 1940, individuals who consulted a psychiatrist in the preceding year, or felt depressed (together DeprSy), 248 were female. Logistic regressions for adjusted associations of BMI with DeprSy were not significant as was serum CRP level. Diabetes and, in men, fasting glucose concentrations were associated with DeprSy. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was robustly inversely associated with DeprSy in diverse models at ORs of 0.74 (95%CI 0.63; 0.89) independent of confounders, including antihypertensive and lipid-lowering medication. The use of antidepressants could not explain the reduced BP. Women are predisposed to depression with which, not BMI and CRP, but SBP is inversely associated. Anti-inflammatory substances produced in depressed persons might explain the slightly lower BP.