Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 139537, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/139537
Review Article

Haemodynamic Monitoring Using Echocardiography in the Critically Ill: A Review

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Skåne University Hospital Malmö, Lund University, 20502 Malmö, Sweden

Received 15 June 2011; Accepted 20 November 2011

Academic Editor: Paul Mayo

Copyright © 2012 Michelle S. Chew. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Physicians caring for the critically ill are now expected to acquire competence in echocardiography. It has become an indispensable diagnostic and monitoring tool in acute care settings where it is generally accepted to have therapeutic impact. There are a number of indications for a critical care echocardiographic study, and the most important queries include those pertaining left and right ventricular function and filling status. Focused examinations are increasing in popularity and provide a means for systematic study, and can be easily learned and practiced by novices. This paper addresses the indications, therapeutic impact, and some of the most common questions that can be answered using echocardiography the in critically ill patient.