Cardiology Research and Practice / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Association of Chronic Kidney Disease and Metabolic Syndrome with Incident Cardiovascular Events: Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Table 2

Unadjusted and multivariate-adjusted HRs of CVD events associated with CKD and MetS.

Total participants ( )Participants without diabetes ( )

CKD/MetS1 (Reference)1 (Reference)1 (Reference)1 (Reference)

CKD+/MetS2.70 (1.32−4.88)1.43 (0.70−2.62)2.90 (1.42−5.26)1.41 (0.69−2.61)

CKD/MetS+2.51 (1.94−3.23)2.40 (1.85−3.11)2.17 (1.60−2.91)2.08 (1.54−2.81)

CKD+/MetS+8.46 (5.72−12.20)5.56 (3.72−8.12)7.27 (4.33−11.54)4.43 (2.60−7.15)

Hazard ratios (95% CI) adjusted for age, ethnicity, gender, study site, education, income, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, and total and LDL cholesterol. HR: hazard ratio; CI: confidence interval; CVD: cardiovascular events; CKD: chronic kidney disease; MetS: metabolic syndrome.

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