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Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 832421, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/832421
Research Article

The Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Employees in the Kingdom of Bahrain between October 2010 and March 2011: A Cross-Sectional Study from a Workplace Health Campaign

1Consultant Family Physician-, NCD Unit-, Public Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain
2Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (NHLI), Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
3Consultant Family Physician/Public Health Directorate, Head of Noncommunicable Disease Unit, Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain
4The International Center for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, St. Mary’s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
5Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St. Mary’s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK

Received 22 January 2014; Revised 7 April 2014; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Frans Leenen

Copyright © 2014 Ameera Ali AL-Nooh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. High prevalence of CVD risk factors has been reported in Bahrain. Objective. This study aims to estimate the CVD risk factors prevalence among government employees in Bahrain. Design. A cross-sectional study design. Setting. Different government workplaces in Bahrain. Method. Data was collected from 1139 employees between October 2010 and March 2011 through interviews, including physical measurements, patient blood testing, and expired carbon monoxide (CO) levels as particles per million (ppm) for smokers. A summary of composite CVD risk factors was identified. Results. The following overall prevalence rates were reported: overweight and obesity 78.4% and reported hypertension 36.9% (included both those who were on and not on treatments), with an estimated prevalence of 21.6% for measured systolic blood pressure (Sbp) ≥ 140 mmHg and 23.3% for diastolic blood pressure (dbp) ≥90 mmHg. The prevalence of total cholesterol levels ≥5.2 mmol/dl was 24.2% and LDL levels >3.3 mmol/dl 10.8%. Prevalence of HDL-C levels (≤1.03 mmol/dl) was 47.55% and (≥1.5 mmol/dl) in 12.31%. The low HDL level (<1.03 mmol/dl) among males was 64.1%, while it was 26.6% among females. Half the participants (50.8%) do not engage in any type of physical activity. Moreover, 24.3% were not eating daily servings of fruits and vegetables. About 16.1% of them were current smokers. The majority of the participants (95.35%) had either no or less than 3 CVD risk factors. Only 4.65% had 3–5 risk factors. Conclusions. Among the employees in Bahrain, the high CVD risk factors prevalence is evident. CVD risk factors prevention and control are a priority.