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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 99-124

“Discrete” Oscillations and multiple attractors in kick-excited systems

1Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute, 6 Moskovska Str., Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
2Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute, JK "Mladost 1A", B1. 522, Vh. 5, Ap. 98, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria

Received 6 March 1999

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A class of kick-excited self-adaptive dynamical systems is formed and proposed. The class is characterized by nonlinear (inhomogeneous) external periodic excitation (as regards to the coordinates of excited systems) and is remarkable for its objective regularities: the phenomenon of “discrete” (“quantized”) oscillation excitation and strong self-adaptive stability. The main features of these systems are studied both numerically and analytically on the basis of a general model: a pendulum under inhomogeneous action of a periodic force which is referred to as a kicked pendulum. Multiple bifurcation diagram for the attractor set of the system under consideration is obtained and analyzed. The complex dynamics, evolution and the fractal boundaries of the multiple attractor basins in state space corresponding to energy and phase variables are obtained, traced and discussed. A two-dimensional discrete map is derived for this case. A general treatment of the class of kick-excited self-adaptive dynamical systems is made by putting it in correspondence to a general class of dissipative twist maps and showing that the latter is an immanent tool for general description of its behavior.