Research Article | Open Access

Dağistan Simsek, Bilal Demir, Cengiz Cinar, "On the Solutions of the System of Difference Equations *Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society*, vol. 2009, Article ID 325296, 11 pages, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/325296

# On the Solutions of the System of Difference Equations x n + 1 = max { A / x n , y n / x n } , y n + 1 = max { A / y n , x n / y n }

**Academic Editor:**Guang Zhang

#### Abstract

We study the behavior of the solutions of the following system
of difference equations , where the constant *A* and the initial conditions are positive real numbers.

#### 1. Introduction

Recently, there has been a great interest in studying the periodic nature of nonlinear difference equations. Although difference equations are relatively simple in form, it is, unfortunately, extremely difficult to understand thoroughly the periodic behavior of their solutions. The periodic nature of nonlinear difference equations of the max type has been investigated by many authors. See, for example [1–24].

In this paper we study the behavior of the solutions of the following system of difference equations: where the constant and the initial conditions are positive real numbers.

#### 2. Main Result

*Definition 2.1. *Fibonacci sequence is , and for .

*Definition 2.2. *The symbol symbolizes the greatest integer function.

*Definition 2.3. *The sequence of

*Definition 2.4. *The sequence of

Theorem 2.5. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for and **If , then
**, and if *

*Proof. *Let then
then
then ,

Theorem 2.6. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for .** and if ,
**If , then
*

*Proof. *Similarly we can obtain the proof as the proof of Theorem 2.5.

Theorem 2.7. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for and . *

*Proof. *(a) We obtain that

Similarly we can obtain the proof of (b) as the proof of (a).

Theorem 2.8. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for and . *

*Proof. *Similarly we can obtain the proof as the proof of Theorem 2.7.

Theorem 2.9. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for **If , then
**If , then
*

*Proof. *Let
, then

Theorem 2.10. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for . *

*Proof. *(a) We obtain that

Similarly we can obtain the proof of (b) as the proof of (a).

Lemma 2.11. *Let be the initial condition of (1.1) for ; there is at least an such that every for , .*

*Proof. *We consider that hence and that proofs the existing of defined in hypothesis.

Theorem 2.12. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for , and is the number, defined by Lemma 2.11.**
and when , the solutions will be different for every different constant *

*Proof. *Let then
,

Lemma 2.13. *Let be the initial condition of (1.1) for ; there is at least an such that every for , .*

*Proof. *Similarly we can obtain the proof as the proof of Lemma 2.11.

Theorem 2.14. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for , and is the number, defined by Lemma 2.13.**
and when , the solutions will be different for every different constant *

*Proof. *Similarly we can obtain the proof of be as the proof of Theorem 2.12.

Lemma 2.15. *Let be the initial condition of (1.1) for ; there is at least an such that every for , .*

*Proof. *We consider that hence and that proofs the existing of defined in hypothesis.

Theorem 2.16. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for , , and is the number, defined by Lemma 2.15.** and if ,
**, and if ,
**
and when , the solutions will be different for every different constant *

*Proof. *Let then
then
then

Lemma 2.17. *Let be the initial condition of (1.1) for ; there is at least an such that every for , .*

*Proof. *Similarly we can obtain the proof as the proof of Lemma 2.15.

Theorem 2.18. *Let be the solution of the system of difference equations (1.1) for , , and is the number, defined by Lemma 2.17.**, and if ,
**, and if ,
**
and when , the solutions will be different for every different constant *

*Proof. *Similarly we can obtain the proof as the proof of Theorem 2.16, which completes the proofs of theorems.

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2009 Dağistan Simsek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.