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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 178713, 17 pages
Research Article

System Dynamics Model for VMI&TPL Integrated Supply Chains

1School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2Ningbo Modern Logistics Planning Institute, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315042, China

Received 29 July 2013; Accepted 28 September 2013

Academic Editor: Tinggui Chen

Copyright © 2013 Guo Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper establishes VMI-APIOBPCS II model by extending VMI-APIOBPCS model from serial supply chain to distribution supply chain. Then TPL is introduced to this VMI distribution supply chain, and operational framework and process of VMI&TPL integrated supply chain are analyzed deeply. On this basis VMI-APIOBPCS II model is then changed to VMI&TPL-APIOBPCS model and VMI&TPL integrated operation mode is simulated. Finally, compared with VMI-APIOBPCS model, the TPL’s important role of goods consolidation and risk sharing in VMI&TPL integrated supply chain is analyzed in detail from the aspects of bullwhip effect, inventory level, service level, and so on.