TY - JOUR
A2 - Li, Qingdu
AU - Bozkurt, F.
PY - 2013
DA - 2013/05/14
TI - Modeling a Tumor Growth with Piecewise Constant Arguments
SP - 841764
VL - 2013
AB - This study is based on an early brain tumor growth that is modeled as a hybrid system such as (A): dx(t)/dt=x(t){r(1-αx(t)-β0x(⟦t⟧)-β1x(⟦t-1⟧))+γ1x(⟦t⟧)+γ2x(⟦t-1⟧)}, where the parameters α, β0, β1, and r denote positive numbers, γ1 and γ2 are negative numbers and ⟦t⟧ is the integer part of t∈[0,∞). Equation (A) explains a brain tumor growth, where γ1 is embedded to show the drug effect on the tumor and γ2 is a rate that causes a negative effect by the immune system on the tumor population. Using (A), we have constructed two models of a tumor growth: one is (A) and the other one is a population model at low density by incorporating an Allee function to (A) at time t. To consider the global behavior of (A), we investigate the discrete solutions of (A). Examination of the characterization of the stability shows that increase of the population growth rate decreases the local stability of the positive equilibrium point of (A). The simulations give a detailed description of the behavior of solutions of (A) with and without Allee effect.
SN - 1026-0226
UR - https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/841764
DO - 10.1155/2013/841764
JF - Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
PB - Hindawi Publishing Corporation
KW -
ER -