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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 374521, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/374521
Research Article

How Do Sociodemographics and Activity Participations Affect Activity-Travel? Comparative Study between Women and Men

Min Yang,1,2,3 Wei Wang,1,2,3 Feifei Yu,1 and Jian Ding1

1School of Transportation, Southeast University, No. 2 Sipailou, Nanjing 210096, China
2Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Urban ITS, Southeast University, China
3Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic Technologies, China

Received 6 July 2014; Accepted 25 August 2014; Published 2 September 2014

Academic Editor: Yongjun Shen

Copyright © 2014 Min Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Activity-travel behaviors of women and men are different because they have different social and household responsibilities. However, studies concerning gender differences are mainly limited in developed countries. This paper concentrates on gender role-based differences in activity-travel behavior in a typical developing country, namely, China. Using data from 3656 cases collected through surveys conducted in Shangyu, data processing, method choice, and descriptive analysis were conducted. Binary and ordered logistic regression models segmented by gender were developed to evaluate the mechanism through which individual sociodemographics, household characteristics, and activity participations affect the number of trip chain types and activities for women and men. The results show that women aged 30 to 50 perform less subsistence activities. However, the difference between the different age groups of men is not as significant. In addition, men with bicycles and electric bicycles have more subsistence and maintenance activities, whereas women do not have these attributes. Moreover, women with children under schooling age make more maintenance trip chains but less leisure trip chains and activities, whereas men are free from this influence. Furthermore, both women and men perform more subsistence activities if the duration increases, and men have less influences than women do.