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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 219574, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/219574
Research Article

Modelling Signal Controlled Traffic Based on Driving Behaviors

Beijing Key Lab of Traffic Engineering, College of Metropolitan Transportation, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Received 13 October 2014; Revised 26 December 2014; Accepted 7 January 2015

Academic Editor: Carlo Piccardi

Copyright © 2015 Yang Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In urban traffic, of particular interest the traffic breakdown which is primarily resulted from the driving behaviors is emerged to respond to the traffic signal. To investigate the influences of driving behaviors on the traffic breakdown, a cellular automaton model has been developed by incorporating a number of driving behaviors typically manifesting during the different stages when the vehicle approaching a traffic light. Numerical simulations have been performed based on a road segment consisting of three sections and each section is associated with a set of rules. The numerical simulations have demonstrated that the proposed model is capable of producing the time-delayed traffic breakdown and the dissolution of the oversaturated traffic. Furthermore, it has been evidenced that the probability of the traffic breakdown can be increased by involving the slow-to-start behavior. However, the activation of the anticipatory behavior can effectively impede the transition from undersaturated to oversaturated traffic. Finally, the contributions of the driving behaviors on the traffic breakdown have been quantitatively examined.