Research Article | Open Access

# Stochastic Control for Discrete-Time Singular Systems with State and Disturbance Dependent Noise

**Academic Editor:**Ciprian G. Gal

#### Abstract

This paper is concerned with the stochastic state feedback control problem for a class of discrete-time singular systems with state and disturbance dependent noise. Two stochastic bounded real lemmas (SBRLs) are proposed via strict linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Based on the obtained SBRLs, a state feedback controller is presented, which not only guarantees the resulting closed-loop system to be mean square admissible but also satisfies a prescribed performance level. A numerical example is finally given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed theoretical results.

#### 1. Introduction

Because of extensive applications in economy, mechanical systems, systems with human operators, and so on, a great deal of attention has been paid to a class of stochastic linear systems governed by Itô’s stochastic differential equations over the past years [1–4]. In particular, there is an increasing interest in the control and mixed control [5–10].

On the other hand, singular systems, as it is well known, are ideal mathematical models in practical modeling such as in electric circuits, economics, and aircraft modeling [11–13]. It is noted that the study on the control of deterministic or Markov jump singular systems has made fruitful achievement on stability [14, 15], stabilization [16, 17], control [18–25], and control [26], as well as sliding mode control [27, 28]. However, it can be seen that, owing to the presence of the diffusion term, few works have been done on stochastic singular systems with state-dependent noise so far. Different from deterministic singular systems or Markov jump singular systems without multiplicative noise, regularity, as a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of the solution to singular systems, is not applicable to stochastic singular systems. For this reason, some researchers regarded the existence of impulse-free solutions as a precondition [29, 30]; others provided suitable conditions to guarantee the existence of an impulse-free solution [31–34]. Under the assumption that , and , the filtering problem was firstly investigated in [31, 32]. Then, [34] removed the assumption condition and discussed the observer-based controller design by means of a sequential design technique. Based on the assumption proposed by [34], the problem of robust finite-time control for a class of singular stochastic systems with parametric uncertainties was further discussed in [35], and the state feedback controller ensuring that the closed-loop system was robust stochastically bounded with a prescribed performance level was designed by means of the linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Recently, the assumption condition was reduced to in [36–38], and sufficient conditions for the mean square admissibility of stochastic singular systems were proposed in terms of strict LMIs. Furthermore, the state feedback control for continuous-time singular stochastic systems was investigated in [39]. To the best of our knowledge, all the results which appeared in [29–35, 38, 39] were given in continuous-time setting except for [36, 37]. In particular, the state feedback control problem for discrete-time singular systems with state and disturbance dependent noise has never been tackled. In fact, there are some differences in studying the control problem between discrete-time stochastic singular systems and continuous-time stochastic singular systems. For instance, how to deal with the difficulties arising from the nonlinear terms when employing the state feedback controller to the system? How to provide conditions to guarantee the irrelevance of the state and the sequence of the random variables ? So, it is very meaningful to discuss the issue of the control for discrete-time stochastic singular systems.

In this paper, motivated by [37], we investigate stochastic state feedback control problem for discrete-time singular systems with state and disturbance dependent noise. Compared to our earlier work [36, 37] and other available works in the literature, the main contributions of this paper lie in the following aspects. (i) By introducing the slack variables approach proposed in [22, 23], the new stochastic admissibility conditions for singular stochastic system are firstly provided, which are different from those in [36, 37] and are more helpful to derive the SBRLS. (ii) The suitable LMI conditions are presented, which not only meet the requirement of the mean square admissibility for the singular stochastic system but also ensure the irrelevance of the state and the sequence of the random variables , while the above irrelevance is crucial to discuss the control problem of discrete-time stochastic systems. (iii) Two LMI-based SBRLs are derived for discrete-time stochastic singular systems with state and disturbance dependent noise, which can be regarded as extensions of corresponding results on deterministic singular systems [21, 22] and normal stochastic systems [5, 8, 9]. Based on the obtained SBRLS, the state feedback controller is designed.

The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: Section 2 contains some fundamental notions and preliminary results. In Section 3, two SBRLS are obtained in terms of strict LMIs. In Section 4, the state feedback controller for singular stochastic systems is designed by using the augmented system. Section 5 gives a simulation example to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed theoretical results. Conclusions are presented in Section 6.

*Notations*. is the set of all symmetric matrices; (resp., ): is a real symmetric positive definite (resp., negative definite) matrix; is the transpose of ; is the Euclidean norm of a vector; is the expectation operator; is the identity matrix; ; . For a matrix with , let be any matrix with full row rank satisfying and .

#### 2. Preliminaries

Consider the following discrete-time stochastic singular system:where (or for clear) , and are, respectively, the system state, the disturbance signal, the controlled input, and the controlled output. , and are constant matrices of appropriate dimensions. The matrix may be singular and we assume that . is the initial condition which is deterministic. Suppose and are uncorrelated, and is a sequence of real independent random variables defined on a complete probability space with and a Kronecker function. We denote by the -algebra generated by ; that is, . Let represent the space of -valued random vectors with . denote the set of nonanticipative square summable stochastic processes , such that is measurable, where we define ; that is, is a constant. The -norm of is defined by

Lemma 1 (see [31]). *If there are a pair of nonsingular matrices and for the triplet such that the following condition is satisfied, then system (1) with has a unique causal solution.where , .*

The condition for the existence and uniqueness of the solution to stochastic singular system (1) is given in Lemma 1, which is a basic requirement in system analysis and control synthesis.

*Definition 2. *System (1) with and is said to be(i)asymptotically stable in the mean square if, for any initial condition , ;(ii)mean square admissible if it has a unique and causal solution and asymptotically stable in the mean square.

*Definition 3. *The perturbed operator of system (1) with is defined by , with its norm

*Definition 4. *System (1) with is said to be mean square admissible and if it is mean square admissible for and for .

*Assumption 5. *In system (1), there exist nonsingular matrices such that the triplet satisfies the following condition:where , .

Lemma 6. *If there exists a matrix such that the following LMIs hold,then one can obtain the following:*(i)*System (1) with and is mean square admissible.*(ii)*For system (1) with , the state is uncorrelated with the sequence of real independent random variables .*

*Proof. *See the Appendix.

Theorem 7. *System (1) with and is mean square admissible if one of the following equivalent statements holds. *(i)*There exist matrices , such that the following LMI holds:*(ii)*There exist matrices , , and such that the following LMI holds:*

*Proof. *It is easy to see that conditions (7) and (8) are satisfied by setting in (9). Therefore, the mean square admissibility of system (1) with and is obviously obtained by Lemma 6-(i). Similar to the proof of Theorem 4 in [22], we can verify that condition (9) is equivalent to condition (10).

*Remark 8. *Item (i) of Lemma 6 contains an equality constraint condition that is not easy to be checked numerically. To solve this problem, strict LMI conditions in Theorem 7 are introduced. Moreover, it is worth mentioning that conditions (9) and (10) are completely different from those in Theorem of [36], which not only generalize the conditions of Theorem [21] and Theorem [22] to the stochastic case but also pave the way for developing SBRL. While item (ii) of Lemma 6 is crucial to discuss the control problem of discrete-time stochastic systems, see, for example, [5, 8, 9].

#### 3. Stochastic Bounded Real Lemmas

In this section, we aim to develop two SBRLs for system (1) in terms of LMIs. It is well known that SBRL plays an important role in the study of stochastic control and estimation.

Lemma 9. *In system (1) with , , and , one haswhere*

*Proof. *By Lemma 6-(ii), and are uncorrelated with , and . Thus we haveFrom (1) and (13), it follows thatNote that the following equality holds:It is shown that (14) and (15) result in (11).

Lemma 10. *In system (1) with , suppose is given and . Then, for any , , one haswhere*

*Proof. *From Lemma 9, it follows that

Theorem 11 (SBRL). *System (1) with is mean square admissible and for given if there exists a matrix such that the following LMIs,hold, where is defined in Lemma 10.*

*Proof. *If there exists a matrix such that , it is easy to see that . This condition together with in (19) can deduce that system (1) is mean square admissible. Below, we set about to prove for given . To this end, we choose sufficiently small such that . Furthermore, for in (18), we obtain, for any ,Using (20), we derive

Theorem 12 (SBRL). *System (1) with is mean square admissible and for given if one of the following statements holds:*(i)*There are matrices and such thatwhere *(ii)*There are matrices and such thatwhere *

*Proof. *(i) Let in (22); then it is easy to test that the conditions of Theorem 11 are satisfied. So system (1) with is mean square admissible and for given .

(ii) It can be found that condition (22) can be rewritten asNote that (26) is just the same asFinally, we derive that (27) is equivalent to (24) by Theorem 7.

*Remark 13. *When , both Theorems 11 and 12 degenerate to SBRLs for state-space systems with state and disturbance dependent noise [5]. When , system (1) reduces to a deterministic singular system. In this case, Theorems 12 and 14 are, respectively, consistent with the corresponding results of [21, 22] on deterministic singular systems. In addition, the additional condition in item (ii) needs to be satisfied, since only in this way can the expression hold. In contrast to item (i), item (ii) is somewhat complicated due to the introduction of the auxiliary matrices, but which provides an effective approach to investigate the controller design.

#### 4. State Feedback Controller Design

In this section, we present a sufficient condition in the form of a strict LMI to design state feedback controller for system (1).

The discrete-time stochastic singular system with the state feedback control law is given aswhere is a state feedback gain to be determined.

Theorem 14. *The closed-loop system (28) is mean square admissible and for given if there exist matrices , , and such that the following LMI holds:where*

*Proof. *Let ; then (28) can be written as an augmented systemwhereIt is noted that if there exist matrices such that (6) holds, then we havewith That is to say, the assumption condition for system (31) still holds. Therefore, from Theorem 12-(ii), the closed-loop system (28) is mean square admissible and for given if the condition (29) holds.

*Remark 15. *To solve the LMI condition (29), particular structures of matrices and were given as that in [22]:with , , , , , , , , , , and a nonsingular matrix . Set ; then the state feedback gain matrix is given as .

*Remark 16. *It should be pointed out that what we have obtained such as Theorems 12 and 14 are corresponding extensions from deterministic singular systems to stochastic singular systems. Although a strict LMI-based bounded real lemma was presented in [21] for discrete-time and deterministic singular systems, it is difficult to be generalized to controller synthesis. While by introducing the auxiliary matrices, the state feedback control for stochastic singular systems is successfully solved in Theorem 14. Moreover, in contrast with the state feedback control, the output feedback control has much broader and practical applications such as [23]. Therefore, it is very meaningful to extend the results of this paper to the output feedback control, which merits further research.

#### 5. Numerical Examples

In this section, we give a numerical example to show the effectiveness of the proposed results. The discrete-time stochastic singular system with the state feedback control in the form of (28) takes the following data: From Theorem 14, the solutions of LMI (29) are given as follows:Then the controller gain is given as .

In what follows, it can be seen from Figures 1 and 2 that the curves are convergent which demonstrates the closed system (28) without external disturbance is stabilizable in the mean square via the controller . Figure 3 shows that the maximal possible energy gain from the external disturbance to the output for system (28) is less than the prescribed performance level ; that is, the requirement of the performance of system (28) is satisfied.

#### 6. Conclusion

In this paper, we have discussed the stochastic state feedback control problem for a class of discrete-time singular systems with state and disturbance dependent noise. New conditions for discrete-time stochastic singular systems to be mean square admissible have been derived in strict LMIs. It is proved that the state is uncorrelated with the stochastic variable sequence . Based on this result, two strict LMI-based SBRLs are then presented. By introducing the auxiliary matrix technique, the state feedback control problem has been addressed. What we have obtained can be used further to study other control problems of discrete-time singular stochastic systems, such as the output feedback control and control.

#### Appendix

*Proof of Lemma 6. *The proof of item (i) sees Theorem of [37]. Next, we set about to verify item (ii).

Based on Assumption 5, there exist nonsingular matrices such thatLetand substituting (A.1) and (A.3) into (7) and (8), respectively, we derivewhereEquation (A.5) implies . Furthermore, since , we haveTherefore, in , it is easy to see thatFrom (A.8), it follows that is invertible. Lettingwe deriveLetwhere , . By (A.2), (A.10), and (A.11), system (1) with is equivalent towithSince is a sequence of real independent random variables, considering (A.12), we have that that is measurable is uncorrelated with , so does .

#### Disclosure

This paper was not presented at any IFAC meeting.

#### Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

#### Acknowledgments

This research was supported by NSF of China under Grant no. 61573227, State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources (Grant no. LAPS16011), and the SDUST Research Fund no. 2015TDJH105.

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