Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society

Volume 2019, Article ID 9037258, 7 pages

https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/9037258

## Some Types of Convergence for Negatively Dependent Random Variables under Sublinear Expectations

College of Science, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qunying Wu; nc.ude.tulg@666yqw

Received 13 October 2018; Revised 20 November 2018; Accepted 16 December 2018; Published 2 January 2019

Academic Editor: Zuonong Zhu

Copyright © 2019 Ruixue Wang and Qunying Wu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

In this paper, we research complete convergence and almost sure convergence under the sublinear expectations. As applications, we extend some complete and almost sure convergence theorems for weighted sums of negatively dependent random variables from the traditional probability space to the sublinear expectation space.

#### 1. Introduction

As is well known that limit theorems are important research topics in probability and statistics, classical limit theorems only hold in the case of model certainty. However, in financial and other field research, statistical model uncertainty, risk random fluctuation, and other problems are emerging, and the classical probabilistic space cannot meet the need of solving such problems. Academician Peng [1–3] of Shandong University creatively proposed the concept and system of the sublinear expectation. Since it was introduced, it has been widely concerned and studied by a large number of scholars, and many excellent results have been achieved. For instance, Chen [4] studied Kolmogorov’s strong law of larger numbers. Zhang and Chen [5] established a weighted central limit theorem for independent random variables under sublinear expectation. Zhang [6–8] got the expectation inequalities, Rosenthals inequalities, and strong law of larger numbers. Yu and Wu [9] obtained complete convergence for weighted sums of END random variables under sublinear expectations, and so on.

Complete convergence and almost sure convergence are important problems in limit theorems. The initial definition of complete convergence was presented by Hsu and Robbins [10] in 1947. From then on, lots of results on complete convergence for different sequences have been found under classical probability space. For instance, Wu and Jiang [11] obtained complete convergence for negatively associated sequences of random variables. Wang et al. [12, 13] studied complete convergence for martingale difference sequence and complete convergence for a type of random variables satisfying Rosenthal-type inequality. Some results on almost sure convergence can be found in Sung et al. [14, 15], Wu [16], Chen and Gan [17], Xu and Yu [18], and so on. In this article, we establish the complete convergence and almost sure convergence for weighted sums of ND random variables under sublinear expectations. The results obtained by Sung [15] have been generalized to the sublinear expectation space.

#### 2. Preliminaries

We also use the framework and notations of Peng [1–3]. Here, we do not discuss notations, concepts, and properties of the sublinear expectation space in detail. By the properties of sublinear expectations and capacity, we can get Markov inequality:

*Definition 1 ([6]). *(i) (Negative dependence) [6] In a sublinear expectation space , a random vector is said to be negatively dependent (ND) to another random vector under if for each pair of test functions and we have , whenever , are coordinate-wise nondecreasing or , are coordinate-wise nonincreasing with , , , , .

(ii) (ND random variables) [6] Let be a sequence of random variables in the sublinear expectation space . are said to be negatively dependent if is negatively dependent to for each .

Obviously, if is a sequence of ND random variables and functions are all nondecreasing (resp., all nonincreasing), then is also a sequence of ND random variables.

The symbol stands for a positive constant which may have different values in different places. Let denote that there exists a constant such that for sufficiently large .

Lemma 2. *Let be an array of row-wise ND random variables with . Suppose that**(a) ,**(b) .** Then, for any ,*

*Proof. *Taking in Lemma 2.2 of [9], we can get conditions (a) and (b). The condition (iii) of Lemma 2.2 of [9] is clearly satisfied for and . So, we can get Lemma 2.

Lemma 3. *Assume , , . Then*

*Proof. * is equivalent to . Note that Therefore, (3) holds. Then, let Thus, (4) holds.

Lemma 4 (Borel-Cantelli Lemma, Zhang [6], Lemma 3.9). *Let be a sequence of events in . Suppose that is a countably subadditive capacity. If , then , where .*

In the sublinear expectation space, because of the uncertainty of expectation and capacity, the study of complete convergence and almost sure convergence is much more complex and difficult. As we all know, in the probability space, there is an equality: . However, the expression does not exist in the sublinear expectation space. This needs to modify the indicator function by functions in . To this end, for , we define the even function , for all , and if , if . Then

#### 3. Main Results

Theorem 5. *Let , and be an array of row-wise negatively dependent random variables under sublinear expectations. There exist a r.v. and a constant satisfyingLet be an array of positive constants such thatThen, for any positive whole number satisfying , and ,andIn particular, if , then*

*Remark 6. *Condition (8) is similar to stochastic domination condition in Theorem 2.1 of [15]. Condition (9) corresponds to the moment condition of probability space. Condition (11) is similar to condition (ii) of Theorem 2.1 of [15]. Our results extend Theorem 2.1 of [15] from the traditional probability space to sublinear expectation space.

Theorem 7. *Suppose that , and is countably subadditive. Let be a sequence of negatively dependent random variables. There exist a r.v. and a constant satisfyingLet be an array of positive constants such thatThenandIn particular, if , then*

Theorem 8. *Suppose that , and is countably subadditive. Let be a sequence of negatively dependent random variables. There exist a r.v. and a constant satisfying (15), (16). Let be an array of positive constants such that (17), (18) hold. Then we also can get (20), (21), and (22).*

Theorem 9. *Suppose that , and is countably subadditive. Let be an array of row-wise negatively dependent random variables. There exist a r.v. and a constant satisfying (8) and (9). Let be an array of positive constants such thatThenandIn particular, if , then*

*Remark 10. *Theorems 7–9 extend Corollary 2.1, Corollary 2.2, and Corollary 2.5 of Sung [15] from the probability space to sublinear expectation space.

*Proof of Theorem 5. *To prove our main results, we just need to prove (12). Because of considering instead of in (12), we can get (13). Without loss of generality, we can assume that .

For fixed , denote for that Then, we have On account of the arbitrariness of , it follows that Because of , by the definition of ND, is also a sequence of ND random variables. Obviously, is nondecreasing by . Therefore, is also a sequence of ND random variables. Firstly, we prove .

For the array , we can make use of Lemma 2, noting that , and condition (a) of Lemma 2 holds.

By (7) and the inequality, for any ,Then, by (1), (8), (9), (10), (11), (31), we have Now, conditions (a) and (b) of Lemma 2 hold. So, by Lemma 2, we can get that So to prove , it suffices to prove thatBy , (1), (7), (8), (9), (10), (31), we can get So, we get (34).

Now, we prove . By the condition of , means that there is at least one that makes . By the definition of ND, (1), (7), (8), (9), (10), we can obtain that When , we can get .

In the same way, we know that , so, also means that there is at least one that makes . Using the same method of proving , we can have . At last, we prove . Using the similar method to . By the value of , we can get . Hence, by (1), (7), (8), (9), (10), we have Because of , we can get . Thus, this completes the proof of Theorem 5.

*Proof of Theorem 7. *Firstly, we prove (20). Without loss of generality, we assume that .

By Theorem 5, , Thus, we can getEquation (39) follows from Lemma 4, and is countably subadditive. , on account of the arbitrariness of , it impliesThus, to prove (20), we just need to check thatBy (7) and (3) of Lemma 3, we can getThus, follows from Lemma 4 and being countably subadditive. By (17), it is easily checked that Hence, (41) holds; because of the arbitrariness of , we can get (20). Considering instead of in (20), we can obtainWe know that , . Replacing with in (44), we can get (21). When , combine (20) with (21), and we will have (22). Thus, we obtain the result of Theorem 7.

*Proof of Theorem 8. *For , by (16), (18), we obtain that We get condition (19) of Theorem 7. So the result of Theorem 8 can be proved.

*Proof of Theorem 9. *Without loss of generality, we still assume that . By (23), obviously Then, by Theorem 5, to prove (25), we just need to prove thatBy (4) of Lemma 3, (7), (8), (23), it is easy to check that Therefore, (47) holds, then, we obtain (25). Considering instead of in (25), we haveReplacing with in (49), we can get (26). When , combine (25) with (26), and we will have (27). Therefore, we obtain the result of Theorem 9.

#### Data Availability

No data were used to support this study.

#### Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

#### Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed equally to the writing of this paper. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

#### Acknowledgments

This paper was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11661029).

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