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Disease Markers
Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 127-132
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2005/251068

The Application of Plasma 1,5-Anhydro-D-glucitol for Monitoring Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Marzena Dworacka and Hanna Winiarska

Department of Pharmacology Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland

Received 21 October 2005; Accepted 21 October 2005

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim: Recent data have suggested that effective control of postprandial blood glucose can reduce the risk of macroangiopathic complications of diabetes, especially cardiovascular risk. 1,5-Anhydro-D-glucitol (1,5-AG) has been proposed as a marker of short-term hyperglycaemic excursions. We aimed to evaluate its usefulness in patients with type 2 diabetes and have attempted to indicate when 1,5-AG monitoring should be used in ordinary diabetes care settings. Methods: The study group consisted of 130 type 2 diabetic patients aged 36–69 years. 1,5-AG plasma level, HbA1c concentrations and daily glucose profile were measured. Mean blood glucose (MBG), M-value were calculated and maximal daily glycaemia (MxG) was established as indicators of short-term hyperglycaemic episodes. Results: 1,5-AG plasma level was negatively and HbA1c was positively correlated with fasting glycaemia (FG), MBG, M-value and MxG. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that 1,5-AG plasma level is determined by MxG only, while FG determined HbA1c concentration in blood. The analysis of 1,5-AG level and HbA1c distributions in well and poorly controlled patients revealed that persons with low HbA1c values may have decreased 1,5-AG plasma level. Conclusion: 1,5-AG plasma level monitoring is the useful method to identify well controlled, exclusively based on HbA1c levels type 2 diabetic patients with transient hyperglycaemia, accordingly patients at high risk of macroangiopathic complications.