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Disease Markers
Volume 24 (2008), Issue 3, Pages 151-156

Detection of Membrane Fluidity in Submitochondrial Particles of Platelets and Erythrocyte Membranes from Mexican Patients with Alzheimer Disease by Intramolecular Excimer Formation of 1,3 Dipyrenylpropane

G.G. Ortiz,1 F. Pacheco-Moisés,2 M. El Hafidi,3 A. Jiménez-Delgado,2 M. A. Macías-Islas,4 S. A. Rosales Corral,1 A. Célis de la Rosa,5 V. J. Sánchez-González,1 E. D. Arias-Merino,5 and I. E. Velázquez-Brizuela1

1Laboratorio Desarrollo-Envejecimiento, Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas, Division Neurociencias, Centro de Investigación Biomédica de Occidente (CIBO), Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social (IMSS), Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
2Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingeniería (CUCEI), Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
3Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología, Mexico
4Departamento de Neurología, UMAE-HE-CMNO, IMSS, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
5Departamento de Salud Pública, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Received 28 February 2008; Accepted 28 February 2008

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It has been suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction and defects in membrane structure could be implied in AD pathogenesis. The aim of the present work was the study of membrane fluidity in submitochondrial platelet particles and erythrocyte membranes from Mexican patients. Blood samples were obtained from 30 patients with Alzheimer disease and 30 aged-matched control subjects. Membrane fluidity determinations were done using a very low concentration of the fluorescent dipyrenylpropane probe incorporated in both types of membranes. This probe is able to give excimer and monomer fluorescence, therefore it can be used to monitor fluidity changes in biological membranes.

The data obtained showed that in submitochondrial particles from AD patients, the excimer to monomer fluorescent intensity ratio was lower (0.231 ± 0.008) than aged-matched control subjects (0.363 ± 0.014). Therefore, membrane fluidity was lower in AD samples. On the other hand, we found similar membrane fluidity in erythrocytes from AD patients and aged-matched controls: the fluorescent intensity ratios were 0.312 ± 0.03 and 0.305 ± 0.033, respectively. In addition, lipid peroxidation in submitochondrial particles and erythrocyte membranes was higher in AD samples than in aged-matched controls. These data suggest that submitochondrial platelet particles are more sensitive to oxidative stress than erythrocyte membranes.