Genetic Association of DLG5 R30Q with Familial and Sporadic Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Men
Background: The association of DLG5 R30Q with IBD has been replicated in several populations, but is not statistically significant in others. We studied the incidence of DLG5 alleles in a population of IBD patients from Pennsylvania.Methods: DLG5 R30Q (rs1248696) and G1066G (rs1248634) were analyzed with PCR-based RFLP methods in a total of 521 subjects, that included 105 individuals with IBD and 139 without IBD from a familial IBD registry, 107 with sporadic IBD, and 170 unrelated healthy controls. R30Q was further analyzed with SNPlex™ Genotyping System in 473 samples.Results: RFLP genotyping data showed that, DLG5 R30Q was significantly associated with IBD overall (p=0.006), and separately with CD (p=0.009) and UC (p=0.024). The association of R30Q with IBD was entirely due to a male-associated effect (male vs female p=0.015 vs 0.241 (IBD), p=0.024 vs 0.190 (CD), and p=0.019 vs 0.575 (UC)). The frequency of the A allele carriage was elevated in both affected and unaffected members in the familial IBD cohort compared to healthy controls (p=0.037). In the family pedigrees, we observed differences in the expression of IBD in individuals carrying the A allele between families.Conclusions: In the studied population, DLG5 R30Q was associated with all forms of IBD. An elevated presence of the R30Q variant was observed in all members of a familial IBD registry. This association of the R30Q variant with IBD was male-specific.