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Disease Markers
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1592598, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1592598
Research Article

FRAX® Fracture Risks Are Associated with Coronary Artery Calcification Score

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan
2School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
3Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
4Department of Cardiology, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan
5Department of Medical Imaging, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan
6Department of Pharmacy, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Yuh-Feng Wang; moc.liamg@gnefhuy

Received 18 October 2017; Revised 20 November 2017; Accepted 5 December 2017; Published 20 December 2017

Academic Editor: Robert Pichler

Copyright © 2017 Tzyy-Ling Chuang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To examine the association between fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) scores and coronary artery calcification (CAC) score in adults. Methods. The medical records of 81 adults who underwent both coronary computed tomography and bone mineral density (BMD) studies in a package during their health exams were reviewed at a regional hospital in Southern Taiwan. Data collected included health history, anthropomorphic characteristics, clinical laboratory results, and BMD. Fracture risk was determined using FRAX. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to assess the association between CAC score and 10-year probability of hip fracture (HF) and major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) determined by FRAX. Results. The mean age of the patients was 55.8 years, and 63.0% were male. Univariate linear regression analysis showed that increases in MOF and HF risks, as measured by FRAX, were significantly and positively associated with CAC score. Multiple linear regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders showed that CAC score remained significantly associated with four FRAX indicators, including right MOF (, ), left MOF (, ), right HF (, ), and left HF (, ). Conclusions. Increased risks of MOF and HF as determined by FRAX were significantly and independently associated with CAC score.