Dataset Papers in Science

Dataset Papers in Science / 2014 / Article

Dataset Paper | Open Access

Volume 2014 |Article ID 176471 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/176471

Stefano Scalercio, "New Distributional Data of Butterflies in the Middle of the Mediterranean Basin: An Area Very Sensitive to Expected Climate Change", Dataset Papers in Science, vol. 2014, Article ID 176471, 8 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/176471

New Distributional Data of Butterflies in the Middle of the Mediterranean Basin: An Area Very Sensitive to Expected Climate Change

Academic Editor: B. Qian
Received06 Nov 2013
Accepted06 Mar 2014
Published12 May 2014

Abstract

Butterflies are known to be very sensitive to environmental changes. Species distribution is modified by climate warming with latitudinal and altitudinal range shifts, but also environmental perturbations modify abundance and species composition of communities. Changes can be detected and described when large datasets are available, but unfortunately only for few Mediterranean countries they were created. The butterfly fauna of the Mediterranean Basin is very sensitive to climate warming and there is an urgent need of large datasets to investigate and mitigate risks such as local extinctions or new pest outbreaks. The fauna of Calabria, the southernmost region of peninsular Italy, is composed also of European species having here their southern range. The aim of this dataset paper is to increase and update the knowledge of butterfly distribution in a region very sensitive to climate warming that can become an early-warning area.

1. Introduction

Large and updated datasets are fundamental tools for investigating the effects of climatic changes and environmental perturbations on biodiversity, mainly of sensitive taxa such as butterflies [1]. Butterflies are known to react to climate warming with latitudinal and altitudinal range shifts [2], but these changes are detectable only if distributional datasets are available. In Europe, some countries (Belgium, Finland, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and UK) adopted a standardized butterfly monitoring scheme from several years [3], but in the Mediterranean areas only the Catalan Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (http://www.catalanbms.org/) and the Suivi Temporel des Rhopalocères de France (http://vigienature.mnhn.fr/page/suivi-temporel-des-rhopaloceres-de-france) are working.

Models of species distribution in face of changes due to climate warming [4] are based on the actual distribution of species and future scenarios can be distorted when a model is based on few data. The southern range of the European distribution of butterflies is largely underinvestigated and only few data are available for southern Italy, an area with a fauna very sensitive to climate changes [5]. In order to detect changes, it is important to investigate the distribution of both common and rare species, but bibliographic sources only rarely provide punctual and useful data of the former causing an important lack of information. Many data can be collected within private and public collections. This is an expensive procedure, but interesting data can be obtained on the past distribution of common species.

In Italy, the first attempt toward a knowledge of the distribution of the fauna at a national scale is represented by the Checklist of the Italian Fauna [6], with the distribution of species only generalized to large areas (North, South, Sardinia, and Sicily). Successively, the project CKmap supported the mapping of 10.000 species of animals at a national level in a UTM grid square [7]. Among them, the distribution of all butterflies species known for Italy was mapped and the localities georeferenced [8]. These localities were obtained from private and public collections, from private datasets, and from bibliographic resources, but very few were collected in the southern regions, where large territories are not explored.

The Calabria is the southernmost region of Italian Peninsula, located in the middle of the Mediterranean Basin. The regional fauna includes European species, having here their southern range limit, particularly sensitive to the risk of local extinctions as a consequence of the expected climate change. Papers devoted to the Calabrian fauna of Lepidoptera are very scarce and only in last few decades the studies were intensified [5, 9, 10]. Anyway, data are largely insufficient to study changes on a regional scale and data are strictly needed for detecting and mitigating risks such as local extinctions or new pest outbreaks.

The aim of this dataset paper is to provide new distributional data and georeferenced datasets useful for the study of dynamics linked to changes on large spatial and temporal scales in the Mediterranean Basin, a region very sensitive to climate changes that can become an early-warning area [5].

2. Methodology

In this dataset paper, all unpublished records of butterflies of the author are reported. Data were collected during the years 2005–2012, mainly in the Cosenza Province, covering all the seasons of butterflies’ activity. Species are named according to the online database of the European Fauna (http://www.faunaeur.org/).

The localities were individuated by two toponyms: the first is the most precise and the second is the most easily recognizable on maps. Latitude and longitude were provided for all localities and grouped in territorial units with similar ecological, geomorphological, and biogeographic features in order to facilitate the individuation of areas that need further investigations. The territorial units individuated are nine [11]: Pollino-Orsomarso Mountains, Catena Costiera Mountains, Sila Mountains, Marchesato Area, Serre Mountains, Aspromonte Mountains, Crati Valley, Tyrrhenian Coast, and Ionian Coast (Figure 1). Data of localities are summarized in Table 1. Species lists were compiled as shown in Dataset Items 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 (Tables).


LocalityMunicipality
(or nearest locality)
Administrative ProvinceTerritorial UnitAltitude (m  a.s.l.)LatitudeLongitude

CittanovaCittanovaReggio CalabriaAspromonte Mountains48538°20′50′′N 0 E
Monte UlisCardetoReggio CalabriaAspromonte Mountains104538°05′39′′N15°45′21′′E
Torrente MentaRoccaforte del GrecoReggio CalabriaAspromonte Mountains140038°07′13′′N15°54′24′′E
AcquafreddaAiello CalabroCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains80039°06′44′′N16°11′21′′E
CaroleiCaroleiCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains48039°14′43′′N16°13′22′′E
CaselleLagoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains80039°12′20′′N16°08′40′′E
Contrada MancheGrimaldiCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains62539°07′54′′N16°13′21′′E
Cozzo CaselleLagoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains108039°12′57′′N16°05′11′′E
Cozzo CervelloFuscaldoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains120039°24′00′′N16°04′03′′E
Cozzo di MonteMarano PrincipatoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains53039°17′31′′N16°10′19′′E
Fiume JassaLaurignanoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains30039°16′18′′N16°14′56′′E
Fiume LicettoLagoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains54039°11′09′′N16°08′31′′E
Fontana del ConteLagoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains98539°10′48′′N16°11′33′′E
Giardini del SignoreAiello CalabroCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains15039°06′35′′N16°07′17′′E
IassaMalitoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains78039°10′36′′N16°15′53′′E
LaurignanoLaurignanoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains40039°16′39′′N16°14′15′′E
MendicinoMendicinoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains46039°15′38′′N16°11′31′′E
Monte Cocuzzo MendicinoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains154039°13′06′′N16°07′50′′E
Monte SerratoreMalitoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains119039°11′19′′N16°14′00′′E
Passo CrocettaSan FiliCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains100039°19′17′′N16°06′44′′E
Passo dello ScaloneBelvedere MarittimoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains74039°37′48′′N15°56′25′′E
PetrarizzoLagoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains32039°09′31′′N16°08′13′′E
Ponte NuovoBelsitoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains27039°09′18′′N16°17′38′′E
PotameDomanicoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains100039°11′04′′N16°11′48′′E
PucchielloLagoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains81039°10′21′′N16°10′02′′E
RancillaGrimaldiCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains59039°07′07′′N16°13′14′′E
San FiliSan FiliCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains56039°20′11′′N16°08′15′′E
ScannelleMalitoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains89039°10′24′′N16°15′27′′E
TessanoDipignanoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains63039°15′21′′N16°14′30′′E
Torrente BrittoneMalitoCosenzaCatena Costiera Mountains70039°09′52′′N16°14′58′′E
ArcavacataRendeCosenzaCrati Valley20039°21′30′′N16°13′41′′E
Contrada SalernoMontalto UffugoCosenzaCrati Valley23039°23′10′′N16°13′47′′E
CosenzaCosenzaCosenzaCrati Valley25039°17′27′′N16°15′22′′E
Fiera di San VitoLuzziCosenzaCrati Valley11039°26′29′′N16°15′05′′E
Lago di TarsiaTarsiaCosenzaCrati Valley6039°36′45′′N16°18′24′′E
Terranova da SibariTerranova da SibariCosenzaCrati Valley14039°41′09′′N16°21′11′′E
Brancaleone MarinaBrancaleone MarinaReggio CalabriaIonian Coast237°58′10′′N16°06′23′′E
Capo ColonnaCrotoneCrotoneIonian Coast1539°01′33′′N17°12′09′′E
CariatiCariatiCosenzaIonian Coast3039°29′58′′N16°56′35′′E
Casino FeraudoTerranova da SibariCosenzaIonian Coast7039°40′17′′N16°23′17′′E
CauloniaCauloniaReggio CalabriaIonian Coast11038°23′50′′N16°24′55′′E
CopanelloStalletìCatanzaroIonian Coast4038°45′50′′N16°34′06′′E
Fiumara Trionto CrosiaCosenzaIonian Coast9039°33′09′′N16°45′31′′E
GaglianoCatanzaroCatanzaroIonian Coast37038°55′18′′N16°33′21′′E
GattarellaStalettìCatanzaroIonian Coast12038°45′36′′N16°33′54′′E
Macchia della BuraCrosiaCosenzaIonian Coast339°36′01′′N16°47′49′′E
MirtoCrosiaCosenzaIonian Coast539°37′04′′N16°46′14′′E
San NicolaCauloniaReggio CalabriaIonian Coast15038°22′55′′N16°24′53′′E
Santa Maria del Mare VetereStalettìCatanzaroIonian Coast19038°45′23′′N16°33′46′′E
SquillaceSquillaceCatanzaro Ionian Coast10038°06′00′′N15°45′30′′E
StalettìStalettìCatanzaroIonian Coast36038°46′01′′N16°32′11′′E
StrangeCalopezzatiCosenzaIonian Coast6539°33′35′′N16°45′02′′E
AltiliaAltiliaCrotoneMarchesato Area35039°10′47′′N16°52′57′′E
CerenziaCerenziaCrotoneMarchesato Area63039°14′42′′N16°47′13′′E
Grave GrubboVerzinoCrotoneMarchesato Area31039°15′41′′N16°51′45′′E
Presso Grotta del PalombaroCaccuriCrotoneMarchesato Area11539°14′36′′N16°50′30′′E
San Mauro MarchesatoSan Mauro MarchesatoCrotoneMarchesato Area28039°06′05′′N16°55′22′′E
Santa SeverinaSanta SeverinaCrotoneMarchesato Area28539°08′48′′N16°54′49′′E
ScandaleScandaleCrotoneMarchesato Area28039°07′27′′N16°57′14′′E
Bosco PollinelloCastrovillariCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains180039°53′50′′N16°10′38′′E
Campo TeneseMorano CalabroCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains100039°52′07′′N16°04′22′′E
CastrovillariCastrovillariCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains33039°48′49′′N16°12′35′′E
CivitaCivitaCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains40039°49′46′′N16°18′50′′E
Cozzo del PellegrinoOrsomarsoCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains185039°44′34′′N 16°01′01′′E
FagosaSan Lorenzo BellizziCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains160039°53′38′′N16°14′07′′E
Fiume ArgentinoOrsomarsoCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains18039°47′38′′N15°55′56′′E
La CalviaSan Donato di NineaCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains176039°44′38′′N16°01′46′′E
Monte MoscheretoCivitaCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains75039°50′37′′N16°18′29′′E
Monte PalanudaOrsomarsoCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains130039°49′20′′N15°59′25′′E
Monte PollinoMorano CalabroCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains220039°54′22′′N16°11′13′′E
OrsomarsoOrsomarsoCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains12039°47′53′′N15°54′40′′E
PapasideroPapasideroCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains19039°52′23′′N15°54′38′′E
PetrosaCastrovillariCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains77039°51′30′′N16°13′20′′E
Piani del PollinoMorano CalabroCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains185039°54′46′′N16°12′37′′E
Serra del PreteMorano CalabroCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains210039°54′51′′N16°09′23′′E
Serra DolcedormeCastrovillariCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains226739°53′39′′N16°12′57′′E
Timpa di San LorenzoSan Lorenzo BellizziCosenzaPollino-Orsomarso Mountains120039°55′02′′N16°17′45′′E
CampoliCauloniaReggio CalabriaSerre Mountains45038°26′39′′N16°23′55′′E
LacinaBrognaturoVibo ValentiaSerre Mountains100038°34′59′′N16°23′32′′E
NardodipaceNardodipaceVibo ValentiaSerre Mountains100038°27′47′′N16°12′11′′E
San Nicola da CrissaSan Nicola da CrissaVibo ValentiaSerre Mountains40039°40′17′′N16°16′58′′E
San TodaroNardodipaceVibo ValentiaSerre Mountains70038°26′39′′N16°22′12′′E
Serra San BrunoSerra San BrunoVibo ValentiaSerre Mountains85038°33′16′′N16°18′43′′E
UrsiniCauloniaReggio CalabriaSerre Mountains42038°24′49′′N16°24′04′′E
AcriAcriCosenzaSila Mountains73439°29′50′′N16°22′02′′E
Bocca di PiazzaParentiCosenzaSila Mountains125039°09′44′′N16°28′46′′E
CicciardiPediviglianoCosenzaSila Mountains68039°07′07′′N16°19′01′′E
Col di VuraRossanoCosenzaSila Mountains102039°32′20′′N16°34′54′′E
Colle dei LupiRoglianoCosenzaSila Mountains105039°11′27′′N16°25′23′′
Colle dell'EscaLongobuccoCosenzaSila Mountains163039°25′09′′N16°36′03′′E
Confluenza Savuto-BisiricoSciglianoCosenzaSila Mountains18039°06′48′′N16°15′42′′E
CoraciColosimiCosenzaSila Mountains78039°06′53′′N16°22′41′′E
Cozzo del PupatoloLongobuccoCosenzaSila Mountains155039°25′16′′N16°35′22′′E
CuponeLongobuccoCosenzaSila Mountains116039°23′12′′N16°33′05′′E
FavaliParentiCosenzaSila Mountains121539°09′19′′N16°27′05′′E
FossiataLongobuccoCosenzaSila Mountains130039°23′43′′N16°35′56′′E
Fosso CucoloDonnici InferioreCosenzaSila Mountains55039°14′13′′N16°17′50′′E
Lago AriamacinaCamigliatello SilanoCosenzaSila Mountains132039°19′54′′N16°33′11′′E
Lago Arvo LoricaCosenzaSila Mountains129039°14′54′′N16°31′56′′E
Lago Cecita Camigliatello SilanoCosenzaSila Mountains112039°22′03′′N16°30′17′′E
Lago SavutoParentiCosenzaSila Mountains116039°10′40′′N16°29′19′′E
MacrocioliLongobuccoCosenzaSila Mountains115039°25′24′′N16°36′58′′E
MarziMarziCosenzaSila Mountains57039°10′22′′N16°18′22′′E
MascariColosimiCosenzaSila Mountains91039°06′50′′N16°24′09′′E
MauritanellaSanto Stefano di RoglianoCosenzaSila Mountains100039°11′37′′N16°22′54′′E
Monte ColonninaCalovetoCosenzaSila Mountains53039°29′52′′N16°44′50′′E
Monte GabrieleRoglianoCosenzaSila Mountains75039°10′19′′N16°21′07′′E
Monte ScuroSpezzano della SilaCosenzaSila Mountains162039°20′06′′N16°23′56′′E
MorachiBianchiCosenzaSila Mountains79039°05′40′′N16°24′49′′E
Piano del BaroneAcriCosenzaSila Mountains110039°27′47′′N16°28′32′′E
Pianoro di MacchialongaSpezzano della SilaCosenzaSila Mountains154039°22′22′′N16°35′37′′E
Pietra di PescoRoglianoCosenzaSila Mountains96039°10′56′′N16°22′08′′E
PittarellaPediviglianoCosenzaSila Mountains50539°06′29′′N16°17′53′′E
Ponte della CastagnaBianchiCosenzaSila Mountains74039°03′56′′N16°25′15′′E
Ponte della TavoleriaMarziCosenzaSila Mountains55039°10′06′′N16°22′29′′E
SalianoRoglianoCosenzaSila Mountains93539°10′50′′N16°25′50′′E
San LeoParentiCosenzaSila Mountains73039°09′49′′N16°25′14′′E
Sant’AngeloPanettieriCosenzaSila Mountains89039°04′02′′N16°27′14′′E
Serra Castagna Versante SudLongobuccoCosenzaSila Mountains123039°29′53′′N16°32′24′′E
Soveria MannelliSoveria MannelliCatanzaroSila Mountains90039°05′20′′N16°23′04′′E
Torrente SavucchiaCarpanzanoCosenzaSila Mountains59039°08′57′′N16°18′02′′E
TrentaTrentaCosenzaSila Mountains40039°16′48′′N16°17′39′′E
Trenta CosteAcriCosenzaSila Mountains100039°29′18′′N16°30′46′′E
Valle CapraSpezzano della SilaCosenzaSila Mountains118039°21′06′′N16°29′20′′E
Vallone PrunilloBianchiCosenzaSila Mountains78039°03′50′′N16°25′47′′E
AmanteaAmanteaCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast239°08′13′′N16°04′03′′E
CessanitiCessanitiVibo ValentiaTyrrhenian Coast35038°40′12′′N16°00′52′′E
Cittadella del CapoBonifatiCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast1539°33′11′′N15°52′45′′E
Fiume AbatemarcoVerbicaroCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast9039°44′59′′N15°51′32′′E
Foce Fiume SavutoNocera TerineseCatanzaroTyrrhenian Coast239°01′55′′N16°06′00′′E
Monte PellegrinoAmanteaCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast25039°06′12′′N16°05′20′′E
PaolaPaolaCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast16039°21′57′′N16°02′39′′E
Praia a MarePraia a MareCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast1039°53′11′′N15°47′02′′E
SanginetoBonifatiCosenzaTyrrhenian Coast5039°34′49′′N15°52′15′′E
TropeaTropeaVibo ValentiaTyrrhenian Coast5038°40′37′′N15°53′48′′E
Valle RuffaSpilingaVibo ValentiaTyrrhenian Coast30038°38′00′′N15°54′08′′E

3. Dataset Description

The dataset associated with this Dataset Paper consists of 5 items which are described as follows.

Dataset Item 1 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Pollino-Orsomarso Mountains. Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

  • Column 1: Family
  • Column 2: Species
  • Column 3: Bosco Pollinello
  • Column 4: Campo Tenese
  • Column 5: Castrovillari
  • Column 6: Civita
  • Column 7: Cozzo del Pellegrino
  • Column 8: Fagosa
  • Column 9: Fiume Argentino
  • Column 10: La Calvia
  • Column 11: Monte Moschereto
  • Column 12: Monte Palanuda
  • Column 13: Monte Pollino
  • Column 14: Orsomarso
  • Column 15: Piani del Pollino
  • Column 16: Papasidero
  • Column 17: Petrosa
  • Column 18: Serra del Prete
  • Column 19: Serra Dolcedorme
  • Column 20: Timpa San Lorenzo

Dataset Item 2 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Catena Costiera Mountains. Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

  • Column 1: Family
  • Column 2: Species
  • Column 3: Acquafredda
  • Column 4: Carolei
  • Column 5: Caselle
  • Column 6: Contrada Manche
  • Column 7: Cozzo Caselle
  • Column 8: Cozzo Cervello
  • Column 9: Cozzo di Monte
  • Column 10: Fiume Jassa
  • Column 11: Fiume Licetto
  • Column 12: Fontana del Conte
  • Column 13: Giardini del Signore
  • Column 14: Iassa
  • Column 15: Laurignano
  • Column 16: Mendicino
  • Column 17: Monte Cocuzzo
  • Column 18: Monte Serratore
  • Column 19: Passo Crocetta
  • Column 20: Passo dello Scalone
  • Column 21: Petrarizzo
  • Column 22: Ponte Nuovo
  • Column 23: Potame
  • Column 24: Pucchiello
  • Column 25: Rancilla
  • Column 26: San Fili
  • Column 27: Scannelle
  • Column 28: Tessano
  • Column 29: Torrente Brittone

Dataset Item 3 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Sila Mountains. Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

  • Column 1: Family
  • Column 2: Species
  • Column 3: Acri
  •     ⋮
  • Column 41: Trenta Coste
  • Column 42: Valle Capra
  • Column 43: Vallone Prunillo

Dataset Item 4 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Tyrrhenian Coast (Amantea, Cessaniti, Cittadella del Capo, Fiume Abatemarco, Foce Fiume Savuto, Monte Pellegrino, Paola, Praia a Mare, Sangineto, Valle Ruffa, and Tropea) and Ionian Coast (Brancaleone Marina, Capo Colonna, Cariati, Casino Feraudo, Caulonia, Copanello, Fiumara Trionto, Gagliano, Gattarella, Macchia della Bura, Mirto, San Nicola, Santa Maria del Mare Vetere, Squillace, Stalettì, and Strange). Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

  • Column 1: Family
  • Column 2: Species
  • Column 3: Amantea
  • Column 4: Cessaniti
  • Column 5: Cittadella del Capo
  • Column 6: Fiume Abatemarco
  • Column 7: Foce Fiume Savuto
  • Column 8: Monte Pellegrino
  • Column 9: Paola
  • Column 10: Praia a Mare
  • Column 11: Sangineto
  • Column 12: Valle Ruffa
  • Column 13: Tropea
  • Column 14: Brancaleone Marina
  • Column 15: Capo Colonna
  • Column 16: Cariati
  • Column 17: Casino Feraudo
  • Column 18: Caulonia
  • Column 19: Copanello
  • Column 20: Fiumara Trionto
  • Column 21: Gagliano
  • Column 22: Gattarella
  • Column 23: Macchia della Bura
  • Column 24: Mirto
  • Column 25: San Nicola
  • Column 26: Santa Maria del Mare Vetere
  • Column 27: Squillace
  • Column 28: Stalettì
  • Column 29: Strange

Dataset Item 5 (Table). Species list for the different localities of Marchesato Area (Altilia, Cerenzia, Presso Grotta del Palombaro, San Mauro Marchesato, Santa Severina, Scandale, and Grave Grubbo), Crati Valley (Arcavacata, Contrada Salerni, Cosenza, Fiera di San Vito, Lago di Tarsia, and Terranova da Sibari), Serre Mountains (Campoli, Lacina, Nardodipace, San Todaro, San Nicola da Crissa, Serra San Bruno, and Ursini), and Aspromonte Mountains (Cittanova, Monte Ulis, and Torrente Menta). Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

  • Column 1: Family
  • Column 2: Species
  • Column 3: Altilia
  • Column 4: Cerenzia
  • Column 5: Presso Grotta del Palombaro
  • Column 6: San Mauro Marchesato
  • Column 7: Santa Severina
  • Column 8: Scandale
  • Column 9: Grave Grubbo
  • Column 10: Arcavacata
  • Column 11: Contrada Salerni
  • Column 12: Cosenza
  • Column 13: Fiera di San Vito
  • Column 14: Lago di Tarsia
  • Column 15: Terranova da Sibari
  • Column 16: Campoli
  • Column 17: Lacina
  • Column 18: Nardodipace
  • Column 19: San Todaro
  • Column 20: San Nicola da Crissa
  • Column 21: Serra San Bruno
  • Column 22: Ursini
  • Column 23: Cittanova
  • Column 24: Monte Ulis
  • Column 25: Torrente Menta

4. Concluding Remarks

This Dataset Paper strongly increases the knowledge on the butterfly fauna of Calabria, the southernmost region of the Italian Peninsula, composed of 135 species [10]. New distributional data for 116 species of butterflies are provided, the 86% of the whole regional fauna. The presence of species was recorded for 136 localities, for a total of 815 new distributional records. To date, the most data rich paper for this region provided 745 distributional records for 44 localities [9].

There is a heterogeneous distribution of sampled localities on the regional territory. In fact, Sila and Catena Costiera Mountains appear to be better sampled than others.

Dataset Availability

The dataset associated with this Dataset Paper is dedicated to the public domain using the CC0 waiver and is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/176471/dataset.

Disclosure

The data presented here were collected by the author during several field trips and during several research activities of the author from 2005 to 2012. The data are unpublished and represent an important implementation of the knowledge on the butterfly fauna of Italy.

Conflict of Interests

The author declares that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Dataset Files

  • 176471.item.1.xlsx

    Dataset Item 1 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Pollino-Orsomarso Mountains. Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

    • Column 1: Family
    • Column 2: Species
    • Column 3: Bosco Pollinello
    • Column 4: Campo Tenese
    • Column 5: Castrovillari
    • Column 6: Civita
    • Column 7: Cozzo del Pellegrino
    • Column 8: Fagosa
    • Column 9: Fiume Argentino
    • Column 10: La Calvia
    • Column 11: Monte Moschereto
    • Column 12: Monte Palanuda
    • Column 13: Monte Pollino
    • Column 14: Orsomarso
    • Column 15: Piani del Pollino
    • Column 16: Papasidero
    • Column 17: Petrosa
    • Column 18: Serra del Prete
    • Column 19: Serra Dolcedorme
    • Column 20: Timpa San Lorenzo
  • 176471.item.2.xlsx

    Dataset Item 2 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Catena Costiera Mountains. Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

    • Column 1: Family
    • Column 2: Species
    • Column 3: Acquafredda
    • Column 4: Carolei
    • Column 5: Caselle
    • Column 6: Contrada Manche
    • Column 7: Cozzo Caselle
    • Column 8: Cozzo Cervello
    • Column 9: Cozzo di Monte
    • Column 10: Fiume Jassa
    • Column 11: Fiume Licetto
    • Column 12: Fontana del Conte
    • Column 13: Giardini del Signore
    • Column 14: Iassa
    • Column 15: Laurignano
    • Column 16: Mendicino
    • Column 17: Monte Cocuzzo
    • Column 18: Monte Serratore
    • Column 19: Passo Crocetta
    • Column 20: Passo dello Scalone
    • Column 21: Petrarizzo
    • Column 22: Ponte Nuovo
    • Column 23: Potame
    • Column 24: Pucchiello
    • Column 25: Rancilla
    • Column 26: San Fili
    • Column 27: Scannelle
    • Column 28: Tessano
    • Column 29: Torrente Brittone
  • 176471.item.3.xlsx

    Dataset Item 3 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Sila Mountains. Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

    • Column 1: Family
    • Column 2: Species
    • Column 3: Acri
    •     ⋮
    • Column 41: Trenta Coste
    • Column 42: Valle Capra
    • Column 43: Vallone Prunillo
  • 176471.item.4.xlsx

    Dataset Item 4 (Table). Species list for the different localities of the Tyrrhenian Coast (Amantea, Cessaniti, Cittadella del Capo, Fiume Abatemarco, Foce Fiume Savuto, Monte Pellegrino, Paola, Praia a Mare, Sangineto, Valle Ruffa, and Tropea) and Ionian Coast (Brancaleone Marina, Capo Colonna, Cariati, Casino Feraudo, Caulonia, Copanello, Fiumara Trionto, Gagliano, Gattarella, Macchia della Bura, Mirto, San Nicola, Santa Maria del Mare Vetere, Squillace, Stalettì, and Strange). Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

    • Column 1: Family
    • Column 2: Species
    • Column 3: Amantea
    • Column 4: Cessaniti
    • Column 5: Cittadella del Capo
    • Column 6: Fiume Abatemarco
    • Column 7: Foce Fiume Savuto
    • Column 8: Monte Pellegrino
    • Column 9: Paola
    • Column 10: Praia a Mare
    • Column 11: Sangineto
    • Column 12: Valle Ruffa
    • Column 13: Tropea
    • Column 14: Brancaleone Marina
    • Column 15: Capo Colonna
    • Column 16: Cariati
    • Column 17: Casino Feraudo
    • Column 18: Caulonia
    • Column 19: Copanello
    • Column 20: Fiumara Trionto
    • Column 21: Gagliano
    • Column 22: Gattarella
    • Column 23: Macchia della Bura
    • Column 24: Mirto
    • Column 25: San Nicola
    • Column 26: Santa Maria del Mare Vetere
    • Column 27: Squillace
    • Column 28: Stalettì
    • Column 29: Strange
  • 176471.item.5.xlsx

    Dataset Item 5 (Table). Species list for the different localities of Marchesato Area (Altilia, Cerenzia, Presso Grotta del Palombaro, San Mauro Marchesato, Santa Severina, Scandale, and Grave Grubbo), Crati Valley (Arcavacata, Contrada Salerni, Cosenza, Fiera di San Vito, Lago di Tarsia, and Terranova da Sibari), Serre Mountains (Campoli, Lacina, Nardodipace, San Todaro, San Nicola da Crissa, Serra San Bruno, and Ursini), and Aspromonte Mountains (Cittanova, Monte Ulis, and Torrente Menta). Data presented in this table were based on the presence (1) or absence (0) of a butterfly species.

    • Column 1: Family
    • Column 2: Species
    • Column 3: Altilia
    • Column 4: Cerenzia
    • Column 5: Presso Grotta del Palombaro
    • Column 6: San Mauro Marchesato
    • Column 7: Santa Severina
    • Column 8: Scandale
    • Column 9: Grave Grubbo
    • Column 10: Arcavacata
    • Column 11: Contrada Salerni
    • Column 12: Cosenza
    • Column 13: Fiera di San Vito
    • Column 14: Lago di Tarsia
    • Column 15: Terranova da Sibari
    • Column 16: Campoli
    • Column 17: Lacina
    • Column 18: Nardodipace
    • Column 19: San Todaro
    • Column 20: San Nicola da Crissa
    • Column 21: Serra San Bruno
    • Column 22: Ursini
    • Column 23: Cittanova
    • Column 24: Monte Ulis
    • Column 25: Torrente Menta

References

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Copyright © 2014 Stefano Scalercio. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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