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Dermatology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 381905, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/381905
Research Article

Depression and Anxiety Disorders among Patients with Psoriasis: A Hospital-Based Case-Control Study

1Department of Dermatology, Booali Sina Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2Behavioral Science and Psychiatric Research Centre, Zare Psychiatric Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 5th Kilometer Sari-Neka Boulevard, Mazandaran Province, P.O. Box 48167-15793, Sari, Iran
3Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
4Department of Pathology, Booali Sina Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
5Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
6Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Received 13 March 2012; Revised 30 May 2012; Accepted 6 June 2012

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Stinco

Copyright © 2012 Masoud Golpour et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Psoriasis is a common, genetically determined inflammatory and proliferative disease of the skin. Psychological stress can exacerbate the disease. This study sought to investigate the depression and anxiety disorders among patients with psoriasis and control group. Method. In this hospital-based case-control study, One hundred patients with psoriasis (case) referred to the dermatology department and 100 patients with otolaryngology problems and dermatological healthy volunteers (control) who referred to the Otolaryngology Department of Bouali Sina Hospital in Sari, Iran, in 2007 were studied. Demographic characteristics were recorded. Beck Depression Inventory and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale I-II were administered to the patients in both groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software and descriptive statistical tests. Results. From One-hundred patients in each group, 44 (45%) were men. Depression score was 67% and 12% in psoriatic patients and control, respectively. The Beck depression scores of patients with psoriasis were significantly higher than scores of the control group ( ). Based on Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale, anxiety was found in 45% of patients in case group and 18% of controls. Conclusion. The results revealed that psoriatic patients reported significantly higher degrees of depression and anxiety than controls. In addition, psoriatic women were more depressed than psoriatic men.