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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 151469, 8 pages
Research Article

Depression and Self-Concept: Personality Traits or Coping Styles in Reaction to School Retention of Hispanic Adolescents

Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling, Sam Houston State University, P.O. Box 2119, Huntsville, TX 77341, USA

Received 12 January 2011; Accepted 28 February 2011

Academic Editor: Yvonne Forsell

Copyright © 2011 Rebecca A. Robles-Piña. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether depression and self-concept could be construed as personality characteristics and/or coping styles in reaction to school retention or being held back a grade. The participants in this study were 156 urban Hispanic adolescents, ages 12–18, and of these, 51 or 33% had been retained in school. Students who had been retained reported a lower self-concept score, higher GPA, and higher rates of depression, and they were more likely to be male than students who had not been retained. The findings of this study indicated that self-concept was a personality characteristic that, due to its malleability, is also a coping style in regards to retention with this Hispanic adolescent population.