Table 4: Comparisons of students who where retained with non-retained students on the piers harris self-concept sub-scales.

SubscalesRetained (49)Non-retained (97)
MeanSDMeanSD

Behavior 1*8.272.735.702.51
Intellectual and school status = 2*9.182.9610.372.69
Physical appearance and attributes 38.042.978.762.52
Anxiety 4*6.974.054.312.86
Popularity 5*6.272.644.901.72
Happiness and satisfaction 66.352.106.371.41

Note. Statistically significant <.00.