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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 401513, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/401513
Review Article

Managing Mental Health Disorders Resulting from Trauma through Yoga: A Review

Department of Yoga Research, Patanjali Research Foundation, Haridwar, Uttarakhand 249408, India

Received 15 October 2011; Revised 5 March 2012; Accepted 13 March 2012

Academic Editor: Rachel Yehuda

Copyright © 2012 Shirley Telles et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There are many and varied types of trauma. The extent to which trauma influences the mental health of an individual depends on the nature of trauma, as well as on the individual's coping capabilities. Often trauma is followed by depression, anxiety, and PTSD. As the pharmacological remedies for these conditions often have undesirable side-effects, nonpharmacological remedies are thought of as a possible add-on treatment. Yoga is one such mind-body intervention. This paper covers eleven studies indexed in PubMed, in which mental health disorders resulting from trauma were managed through yoga including meditation. The aim was to evaluate the use of yoga in managing trauma-related depression, anxiety, PTSD and physiological stress following exposure to natural calamities, war, interpersonal violence, and incarceration in a correctional facility. An attempt has also been made to explore possible mechanisms underlying benefits seen. As most of these studies were not done on persons exposed to trauma that had practiced yoga, this is a definite area for further research.