Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 435486, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/435486
Research Article

Diagnostic Disagreements in Bipolar Disorder: The Role of Substance Abuse Comorbidities

Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O. Box 19528, Arlington, TX 76019, USA

Received 1 July 2011; Revised 13 October 2011; Accepted 20 October 2011

Academic Editor: Colombo Cristina

Copyright © 2012 Rowena Shalini Theodore et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Washington, DC, USA, 4th edition, 2000.
  2. E. Sherwood Brown, T. Suppes, B. Adinoff, and N. Rajan Thomas, “Drug abuse and bipolar disorder: comorbidity or misdiagnosis?” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 105–115, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. Meyer and T. D. Meyer, “The misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder as a psychotic disorder: some of its causes and their influence on therapy,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 112, no. 1–3, pp. 174–183, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. C. Swann, “The Strong relationship between bipolar and substance-use disorder: mechanisms and treatment implications,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1187, pp. 276–293, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. F. Goldberg, J. L. Garno, A. M. Callahan, D. L. Kearns, B. Kerner, and S. H. Ackerman, “Overdiagnosis of bipolar disorder among substance use disorder inpatients with mood instability,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 1751–1757, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Zimmerman, C. J. Ruggero, I. Chelminski, and D. Young, “Is bipolar disorder Overdiagnosed?” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 935–940, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. B. First, R. L. Spitzer, M. Gibbon, and J. B. W. Williams, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Patient Edition, (SCID-I/P) New York: Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 2002.
  8. M. R. Basco, J. Q. Bostic, D. Davies et al., “Methods to improve diagnostic accuracy in a community mental health setting,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 157, no. 10, pp. 1599–1605, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Berk and S. Dodd, “Are treatment emergent suicidality and decreased response to antidepressants in younger patients due to bipolar disorder being misdiagnosed as unipolar depression?” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 39–43, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. L. McElroy, L. L. Altshuler, T. Suppes et al., “Axis I psychiatric comorbidity and its relationship to historical illness variables in 288 patients with bipolar disorder,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 158, no. 3, pp. 420–426, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Zimmerman, C. J. Ruggero, I. Chelminski, and D. Young, “Psychiatric diagnoses in patients previously overdiagnosed with bipolar disorder,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Stewart and R. S. El-mallakh, “Is bipolar disorder overdiagnosed among patients with substance abuse?” Bipolar Disorders, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 646–648, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. Rubin, “Comorbidity occurrences of psychiatric disorders in adults with primary diagnosis of bipolar disorders i and ii,” Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B, vol. 70, no. 4, p. 2586, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  14. J. V. Bizzarri, P. Rucci, A. Sbrana et al., “Substance use in severe mental illness: self-medication and vulnerability factors,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 165, no. 1-2, pp. 88–95, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. P. O'Brien, A. T. McLellan, A. R. Childress, and G. E. Woody, “Penn/VA center for studies of addiction,” Neuropharmacology, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 44–47, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Torrens, R. Martin-Santos, and S. Samet, “Importance of clinical diagnoses for comorbidity studies in substance use disorders,” Neurotoxicity Research, vol. 10, no. 3-4, pp. 253–261, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Bruchmüller and T. D. Meyer, “Diagnostically irrelevant information can affect the likelihood of a diagnosis of bipolar disorder,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 116, no. 1-2, pp. 148–151, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. Wolkenstein, K. Bruchmüller, P. Schmid, and T. D. Meyer, “Misdiagnosing bipolar disorder—do clinicians show heuristic biases?” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 130, pp. 405–412, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. R. Miller, R. Dasher, R. Collins, P. Griffiths, and F. Brown, “Inpatient diagnostic assessments: 1. Accuracy of structured vs. unstructured interviews,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 255–264, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. M. Post, P. P. Roy-Byrne, and T. W. Uhde, “Graphic representation of the life course of illness in patients with affective disorder,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 145, no. 7, pp. 844–848, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. G. Cochran, “Some methods for strengthening the common χ2 tests,” Biometrics, vol. 10, pp. 417–451, 1954. View at Google Scholar
  22. E. Vieta, J. Angst, C. Reed, J. Bertsch, and J. M. Haro, “Predictors of switching from mania to depression in a large observational study across Europe (EMBLEM),” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 118, no. 1–3, pp. 118–123, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. J. Ostacher, R. H. Perlis, A. A. Nierenberg et al., “Impact of substance use disorders on recovery from episodes of depression in bipolar disorder patients: prospective data from the systematic treatment enhancement program for bipolar disorder (STEP-BD),” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 289–297, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus