Table 1: Time duration and reward value of overt behaviors as a function of gender.

Behavioral domainMaleFemaletPd

Total domains engaged9.5 (1.5)10.1 (1.3)2.04<0.05 0.59
Total average reward2.6 (0.6)2.9 (0.4)2.13 <0.05
Social28.5 (24.6)35.4 (16.4)1.51 0.13
Social reward3.2 (0.6)3.6 (0.3)3.20<0.010.84
Physical12.2 (15.8)6.8 (7.7)2.04<0.050.43
Physical reward2.9 (1.0)3.0 (0.8)0.140.89
Health/hygiene6.2 (5.4)11.5 (5.6)4.10<0.010.96
Health/hygiene reward2.6 (0.8)2.6 (0.7)0.190.85
Spiritual1.3 (3.0)4.3 (6.6)2.30<0.050.59
Spiritual reward2.9 (0.9)3.5 (0.8)1.480.15
Educational62.7 (22.0)67.6 (21.1)0.980.33
Educational reward1.8 (0.6)1.9 (0.6)0.650.52
Passivity/sedentary68.0 (21.9)61.8 (20.0)1.300.20
Passivity/sedentary reward3.1 (0.7)3.4 (0.6)2.00<0.050.46
Sexual2.3 (4.7)0.8 (2.3)2.02<0.050.41
Sexual reward3.7 (0.6)3.7 (0.4)0.150.88
Employment16.6 (25.0)14.0 (18.9)0.530.60
Employment reward2.4 (0.8)2.7 (0.8)0.890.38
Hobbies/recreation15.6 (26.0)6.3 (8.5)2.40<0.050.51
Hobbies/recreation reward3.2 (0.6)3.4 (0.5)1.230.23
Eating alone6.8 (4.7)6.2 (6.3)0.440.66
Eating alone reward2.7 (0.7)2.7 (0.8)0.190.85
Eating with others11.9 (8.5)16.4 (10.0)2.04<0.050.48
Eating with others reward3.1 (0.7)3.5 (0.5)2.81<0.010.66
Travel13.8 (11.8) 11.9 (12.9)0.650.52
Travel reward2.0 (0.7)2.1 (0.8)0.110.91
Other5.4 (7.7)8.8 (8.4)1.770.08
Other reward1.8 (0.7)2.4 (0.8)2.82<0.010.80

(1) For behavioral domains, time is presented in hours per week. (2) “d” refers to Cohen’s effect size [73].