Depression Research and Treatment / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Mental Health Services Required after Disasters: Learning from the Lasting Effects of Disasters

Table 2

Interventions in the aftermath of disasters.

LevelInterventionTarget populationExamples of interventionsInterventions conducted by

1Psychological first aid (PFA)Most of the people who are affectedRestoring immediate safety Restoring contact with loved onesAll responders and aid workers
2Community developmentCommunities after large-scale eventsSchools, sports, meetings, newsletters to unite groups of peopleAll responders and aid workers
3Skills for psychosocial recovery (SPR)People whose distress is sustained by bereavement or secondary stressorsBrief needs assessmentHealthcare practitioners and workers trained in the skills
Problem-solving
Social support
4Psychosocial interventions for medium- and long-term problemsPeople whose distress is sustained and associated with functional impairmentTrauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapyStaff of mental healthcare facilities