Interventions in the aftermath of disasters.
|Level||Intervention||Target population||Examples of interventions||Interventions conducted by|
|1||Psychological first aid (PFA)||Most of the people who are affected||Restoring immediate safety Restoring contact with loved ones||All responders and aid workers|
|2||Community development||Communities after large-scale events||Schools, sports, meetings, newsletters to unite groups of people||All responders and aid workers|
|3||Skills for psychosocial recovery (SPR)||People whose distress is sustained by bereavement or secondary stressors||Brief needs assessment||Healthcare practitioners and workers trained in the skills|
|4||Psychosocial interventions for medium- and long-term problems||People whose distress is sustained and associated with functional impairment||Trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy||Staff of mental healthcare facilities|