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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 140169, 6 pages
Research Article

Temperament, Character, and Depressive Symptoms during Pregnancy: A Study of a Japanese Population

1Division of Health Sciences & Nursing, Department of Midwifery and Women’s Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
2Kitamura Institute of Mental Health Tokyo, 101 Akasaka 8-5-13, Minato, Tokyo 107-0052, Japan
3Nagoya University, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, Japan
4Department of Women’s Health and Mother-Child Nursing, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 4-24-1 Kuhonji, Chuo, Kumamoto 862-0976, Japan
5Aso Health Center, 1204 Uchimaki, Aso, Kumamoto 869-2301, Japan

Received 5 September 2013; Accepted 2 December 2013

Academic Editor: Claude Robert Cloninger

Copyright © 2013 Mariko Minatani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. To examine the effects of temperament and character domains on depression during pregnancy. Methods. We examined 601 pregnant women using a questionnaire that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and demographic variables. Results. In a hierarchical regression analysis, severity of depression during pregnancy was predicted by the women’s negative response towards the current pregnancy, low self-directedness, and high harm avoidance, persistence, and self-transcendence. Conclusion. Depression during pregnancy is predicted by personality traits as well as women’s negative attitudes towards the current pregnancy.