Depression Research and Treatment / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Prevalence of Antenatal Depression and Associated Risk Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria

Table 3

Associations between sociodemographic variables and antenatal depression.

CharacteristicsDepressed (%)Nondepressed (%)Total (%) value

Level of care ()
 Primary28 (26.4)78 (73.6)106 (100)
 Secondary13 (12.5)91 (87.5)104 (100)14.0510.001
 Tertiary36 (34.6)68 (65.4)104 (100)

Type of health facility ()
 Public health facilities55 (35.3)101 (64.7)156 (100)19.3000.000
 Private health facilities22 (13.9)136 (86.1)158 (100)

Age group ()
 15–20 years (young)15 (44.1)19 (55.9)34 (100)
 21–35 years58 (22.7)197 (77.3)255 (100)8.9170.012
 36–49 years (elderly)3 (13.6)19 (86.4)22 (100)

Marital status ()
 Single9 (50)9 (50)18 (100)6.6970.010
 Married/others68 (23)228 (77)296 (100)

Level of education ()
 No formal education5 (71.4)2 (28.6)7 (100)
 Primary17 (22.7)58 (77.3)75 (100)9.5920.022
 Secondary41 (25.9)117 (74.1)158 (100)
 Tertiary14 (19.4)58 (80.6)72 (100)

Occupation ()
 Professionals6 (17.6)28 (82.4)34 (100)
 Civil servants1 (16.7)5 (83.3)6 (100)
 Artisans17 (23)57 (77)74 (100)3.8370.429
 Traders44 (25.3)130 (74.7)174 (100)
 Students/unemployed9 (39.1)14 (60.9)23 (100)

Type of family ()
 Monogamy53 (23)177 (77)230 (100)0.0190.891
 Polygamy/others14 (22.2)49 (77.8)63 (100)

Family size ()
 Small family size (1–4 persons)49 (24)155 (76)204 (100)
 Average family size (5 persons)4 (9.8)37 (90.2)41 (100)7.0470.029
 Large family size (≥6 persons)17 (33.3)34 (66.7)51 (100)

Wealth index ()
 Very poor14 (29.2)34 (70.8)48 (100)
 Poor34 (26)97 (74)131 (100)
 Average16 (22.9)54 (77.1)70 (100)1.5280.822
 Rich11 (20)44 (80)55 (100)
 Very rich2 (20)8 (80)10 (100)

Drinking beer, wine, and/or spirit/liquor in this pregnancy? ()
 Yes9 (52.9)8 (47.1)17 (100)8.4410.004
 No61 (22)216 (780)277 (100)

Social support (SSQ) ()
 Low social support10 (34.5)19 (65.5)29 (100)
 Average social support53 (24.5)163 (75.5)216 (100)2.2220.329
 High social support14 (20.3)55 (79.7)69 (100)

Gender based abuse ()
 Rape3 (50)3 (50)6 (100)
 Physical assault9 (50)9 (50)18 (100)
 Intimidation/threat8 (50)8 (50)16 (100)18.6360.001
 Financial deprivation/poor 6 (37.5)10 (62.5)16 (100)
 Financial support
 None51 (19.8)207 (80.2)258 (100)

Childhood experience ()
 Pleasant58 (24.3)181 (75.7)239 (100)2.3950.122
 Unpleasant7 (41.2)10 (58.8)17 (100)

Significant variables.
Divorced and separated.