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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2018, Article ID 1797536, 7 pages
Research Article

A Psychometric Properties Evaluation of the Italian Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale

1Department of Public Health and Infection Disease, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy
2Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy
3Nursing Home “Ancelle Francescane del Buon Pastore”, Via di Vallelunga 8, 00166 Rome, Italy
4Department of Paediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy
5Department of Neurosciences and Neurorehabilitation, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Via della Torre di Palidoro, Palidoro, 00054 Rome, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Giovanni Galeoto; ti.1amorinu@otoelag.innavoig

Received 9 November 2017; Accepted 1 February 2018; Published 1 March 2018

Academic Editor: Axel Steiger

Copyright © 2018 Giovanni Galeoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is an evaluation tool to diagnose older adult’s depression. This questionnaire was defined by Yesavage and Brink in 1982; it was designed expressly for the older person and defines his/her degree of satisfaction, quality of life, and feelings. The objective of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-IT). Methods. The Italian version of the Geriatric Depression Scale was administered to 119 people (79 people with a depression diagnosis and 40 healthy ones). We examined the following psychometric characteristics: internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity (factor structure). Results. Cronbach’s Alpha for the GDS-IT administered to the depressed sample was 0.84. Test-retest reliability was 0.91 and the concurrent validity was 0.83. The factorial analysis showed a structure of 5 factors, and the scale cut-off is between 10 and 11. Conclusion. The GDS-IT proved to be a reliable and valid questionnaire for the evaluation of depression in an Italian population. In the present study, the GDS-IT showed good psychometric properties. Health professionals now have an assessment tool for the evaluation of depression symptoms in the Italian population.