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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks focuses on applied research and applications of sensor networks.
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
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Design and Implementation of a Real-Time Street Light Dimming System Based on a Hybrid Control Architecture
Smart street LED lighting systems have received much attention driven by the need to save energy and the dramatic advances in the Internet of Things. This work proposes a new smart street lighting system that adaptively changes the street lights’ intensity based on traffic and weather conditions and provides a platform for monitoring road conditions and detecting lamp faults. The system transfers the data using the UDP protocol over NBIoT radio technology. It also maintains two-way communication between the luminaires and the central node. In order to ensure real-time response to traffic and avoid dimming delays, each light is locally controlled by a microcontroller based on the sensed traffic and weather data. The measurements of each luminaire are also sent to the central control node to locate lamp faults, detect emergency situations, and, if needed, broadcast on/off messages to the whole network’s luminaires. The system was implemented in a suburban street in Ras Al Khaimah. Evaluations proved that the system can locate and detect faulty lamps and vary the light intensity in real time based on traffic. It also resulted in energy savings of up to 55% compared to a normal LED street light network.
Analysis and Design of Identity Authentication for IoT Devices in the Blockchain Using Hashing and Digital Signature Algorithms
This paper proposes a blockchain-based identity authentication (BA) scheme for IoT devices to solve the authentication security problem of IoT devices. The BA scheme uses hashing and digital signature algorithms to achieve integrity and nonrepudiation of authentication messages. Blockchain technology is used to achieve decentralised and distributed storage and management of authentication data. Besides, the BA scheme uses the idea of trust domains and trust credentials to establish a master-slave connection between IoT devices. The BA scheme is then compared with the existing four schemes and analysed from six perspectives to show that the BA scheme has better security. Also, the results show that the BA scheme has reasonable computational and storage overhead. Finally, the advantages of the BA scheme over traditional centralised and existing blockchain-based authentication schemes are compared and analysed. The results show that it can perfectly solve the problem of overreliance on trusted third parties in traditional authentication schemes.
Multiantenna Clustering Collaboration for WPCNs Based on Nonlinear EH
This article considers a wireless-powered communication network (WPCN) composed of a multiantenna hybrid access point (HAP) based on nonlinear energy harvesting (EH). To improve some distant WDs’ throughput performance, one of them is allowed to be selected as a cluster head (CH) to help transfer information from other cluster members (CMs). Nevertheless, the proposed clustering collaboration’s performance is essentially restricted by the CH’s energy-intensive consumption (EC), which requires to transfer every WDs’ information, covering its own. In order to figure out the question, the HAP’s energy beamforming (EB) capability with multiple antennas is utilized that can concentrate greater transmission power into the CH to equilibrate its EC to assist other WDs. To be specific, each WD’s throughput performance is firstly derived under the proposed approach. A high-efficiency optimization algorithm for addressing cooperative optimization problem is put forward. In addition, the simulations are carried out in the actual network environment, and the results demonstrate that our proposed clustering collaboration with multiple antennas can validly enhance the WPCN’s throughput fairness based on nonlinear EH.
Cognitive Radio Spectrum Sensing-Based QAM Technique Using Blockchain
Cognitive radio (CR) is a novel concept developed to solve concerns such as spectrum underutilization and scarcity. Spectrum detection methods are employed in the blockchain-based CR to make optimum use of the spectrum reserves. In this paper, an attempt is made to evaluate the effectiveness of an energy sensor using collaborative spectrum detection. Wideband is defined as the frequency range between 470 MHz and 790 MHz, and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is employed. The probability of detection () under different situations is examined using detection in the receiver operational curve (ROC). According to the findings, the increases with the number of samples. This form of sensing, which is thought to be the easiest and best, uses energy-detecting spectrum sensing. To address ambiguity, the M-ary QAM technique is provided, which increases aggregate effectiveness in terms of the percentage of false alarm () and probability of missed detection () by 5% at a comparable delay period. When CR encounters shadowing and impacts situations, the client cannot tell the difference between an underutilized zone and fading. In comparison to the existing model, this study increases the likelihood of detecting a 3 dBm SNR for a 64-QAM modulated signal by at least 15%.
Sum Rate Optimization for MIMO Multicasting Network with Active IRS
This paper considers a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) multicasting system aided by the intelligent reflecting surface (IRS). We aim to maximize the sum information rate via jointly designing the transmit precoding matrix and the reflecting coefficient (RC) matrix, subject to the transmit power constrains of the Tx and IRS. To tackle the nonconvex problem, we recast the original problem into an equivalent formulation by using some important facts about matrices and proposed a block coordinate descent (BCD) method to optimize the variables. Finally, simulation results validate the effectiveness of active IRS in enhancing the rate performance.
IoT-Based Real-Time Crop Drying and Storage Monitoring System
Maize flour obtained from the dried corn is one of the most consumed foods in Rwanda. It is imperative that this should be healthy and risk-free for a safe consumption. Therefore, it is vital to keep track of the environmental conditions during the drying process and the characteristics that exist inside maize storage containers. In Rwanda, traditional methods are most commonly used by maize farmers for drying and storage purposes, where no smart system is being used to monitor the environmental conditions under which the maize grains are dried and stored. This mostly affects the quality of maize and flour being produced which will finally affect food security. In this research, temperature, humidity, and light sensors are deployed in the grain storage containers for environmental parameter detection purposes to achieve the primary goal of providing practical, secure, and easily accessible storage in inclement weather. Temperature and humidity are two factors that have an impact on grain quality while in storage. The ThingSpeak platform has been used to help farmers monitor the drying and storing conditions of the maize on a real-time basis. A global system for mobile (GSM) communication module is used to notify farmers by sending a short message in case of critical drying or storing environmental parameters under which the maize grains are stored. The result is shown in the form of humidity, temperature, and light graphs which are displayed on the ThingSpeak platform in real-time mode.