Table of Contents
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 191-195

Photodynamic Diagnosis and Treatment for Atherosclerosis by an Endoscopic Approach

1Department of Medicine and Gerontology, School of Medicine, Kyorin University, Shinkawa 6-2072, Mitakashi, Tokyo 181, Japan
2Department of Biology, School of Medicine, Kyorin University, Shinkawa 6-2072, Mitakashi, Tokyo 181, Japan
3Department of Physiology, Tokyo Medical College, Tokyo, Japan

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The photosensitizer, mono-L-aspartyl chlorin e6 (NPe6), specifically accumulates in the atheromatous plaque. We detected the fluorescence spectra of NPe6 emitted from atheromatous plaques on the descending thoracic aorta by an angioscopic approach using the animal model of atherosclerosis. We also showed that a fluorescence spectrum peak at 675 nm was obtained laparoscopically only in parts of the abdominal aorta with an atheromatous plaque. By a fluorescence endoscope, atheromatous plaques on the carotid artery were recognized as reddish spots from outside the artery. In addition, we visualized specifically at the beating heart surface small coronary atherosclerosis using an epifluorescence stereoscope system.

We examined the effects of photodynamic treatment with NPe6 on the atheromatous plaque. The change in the elastic framework in the atheromatous plaque after photodynamic treatment was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The destruction of the architecture of the elastic fiber network in the atheromatous plaque was revealed. We also studied the change in the lipid components of the atheromatous plaque using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy. FTIR microspectroscopic analysis showed a dissociation of ester bonds of cholesterol esters in the atheromatous plaque after photodynamic treatment. The framework of the atheromatous plaque and the lipids accumulated in the plaque could be destroyed following such treatment.