Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy / 2010 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Technical Refinements in Single-Port Laparoscopic Surgery of Inguinal Hernia in Infants and Children

Table 1

Reported single-port technique with extracorporeal knotting.

Studies (1st author)TechniquePort size (mm)Number of associated stabbing incisionsComplete ringSubcutaneous tissue inclusionTensionless knot tyingProtection of vas and vessels

Harrison et al. 2005 [7]SEAL2.72 (unilateral)−, small gap++, jump over them
4 (bilateral)
Ozgediz et al. 2007 [8]SEAL2.72 (unilateral)−, small gap++, jump over them
4 (bilateral)
Patkowski et al. 2006 [9]PIRS2.5 or 51 (unilateral)−, small gap++, jump over them
2 (bilateral)
Bharathi et al. 2008 [5]Modified SEAL and dual encirclage5At least 3 (unilateral)+++, hydrodissection+, hydrodissection
At least 6 (bilateral)
Chang et al. 2008 [10]Hooked pin method51 (unilateral)+++, hydrodissection+, hydrodissection
2 (bilateral)
Chang et al. 2009 [11]Hooked injection needle method51 (unilateral)++, hydrodissection+, hydrodissection
2 (bilateral)

SEAL: subcutaneous endoscopically assisted ligation; PIRS: percutaneous internal ring suturing.

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