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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 1 (2004), Issue 3, Pages 301-303
Original Article

Essential Oil of Betula pendula Roth. Buds

1Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
2Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu University, Eskişehir, Turkey

Received 4 December 2003; Accepted 10 June 2004

Copyright © 2004 Betül Demirci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The essential oil of Betula pendula Roth. buds was obtained using both hydrodistillation and microdistillation techniques and their chemical compositions were analyzed using both gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Overall, more than 50 compounds were identified representing 80% and 92% for hydrodistillation and microdistillation, respectively. The main components (by hydrodistillation and microdistillation, respectively) found were α-copaene (12% and 10%), germacrene D (11% and 18%) and δ-cadinene (11% and 15%) in the analyzed essential oils. The microdistillation technique proved to be a useful tool and compliant alternative when compared to hydrodistillation.