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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 313-316
Original Article

Chemical Composition and Botanical Origin of Red Propolis, a New Type of Brazilian Propolis

1Piracicaba Dentistry School (FOP/UNICAMP), Department of Physiologic Science, C.P. 52; Zip-code: 13414-903, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
2Federal University of Alfenas; Zip-code 37130-000, Alfenas, MG, Brazil
3College of Agriculture ‘Luiz de Queiroz’ (ESALQ/USP), C.P. 9; ZIP-CODE: 13418-900, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
4Apiários Almar e Essenciale LTDA, Maceió, AL, Brazil

Received 16 November 2006; Accepted 9 April 2007

Copyright © 2008 Bruno B. Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Red propolis is a new type of Brazilian propolis. This material, as well as the secretions of 20 plant species that are often mentioned as its probable botanical source, have been investigated by RP-HPTLC. Phytochemical evidence based on UV-VIS spectra, RP-HPLC and GC-MS, showed Dalbergia ecastophyllum (L.) Taub. to be the main source of red propolis in Alagoas state. The propolis and plant resin showed high relative percentages of the isoflavonoids 3-Hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxypterocarpan and medicarpin. To our knowledge this is the first report of the secretion of a leguminous species being the source of propolis.