Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 306515, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep163
Review Article

The Effectiveness of Moxibustion: An Overview During 10 Years

1Department of Meridian and Acupoint, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegidong, Dongdaemungu, Seoul, 130-701, Republic of Korea
2Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center (AMSRC), Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegidong, Dongdaemungu, Seoul, 130-701, Republic of Korea

Received 21 May 2009; Accepted 30 August 2009

Copyright © 2011 Song-Yi Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. J. Y. Sung, “Acupuncture for gastrointestinal disorders: myth or magic,” Gut, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 617–619, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Bodeker and F. Kronenberg, “A public health agenda for traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 1582–1591, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Hesketh and W. X. Zhu, “Health in China: traditional Chinese medicine: one country, two systems,” British Medical Journal, vol. 315, no. 7100, pp. 115–117, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. H. Han, M. S. Shin, S. H. Shin, K. W. Kang, S. H. Park, and S. M. Choi, “Telephone survey for grasping clinical actual state of moxibustion therapeutics in Korea,” Journal of Meridian and Acupoint, vol. 24, pp. 17–31, 2007 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  5. C. H. Han, M. S. Shin, S. H. Shin, K. W. Kang, B. K. Kang, S. H. Park et al., “An in-depth interview for use of moxibustion therapy in Korea,” Journal of Meridian and Acupoint, vol. 25, pp. 85–97, 2008 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  6. World Health Organization Western Pacific Region, WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region, WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, Philippines, 2007.
  7. S. Joos, B. Brinkhaus, C. Maluche et al., “Acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of active Crohn's disease: a randomized controlled study,” Digestion, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 131–139, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. H. Yamashita, Y. Ichiman, and Y. Tanno, “Changes in peripheral lymphocyte subpopulations after direct moxibustion,” The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 29, pp. 227–235, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  9. S. T. Im, K. H. Kim, and K. S. Kim, “A study of physical characteristics of moxibustion,” The Journal of Korean Acupuncture and Moxibustion Society, vol. 11, pp. 327–336, 1994 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  10. S. B. Kang, Medical Classics of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Iljoongsa, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2000.
  11. Y. T. Choi, Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Jip-Moon-Dang, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2001.
  12. Y.-Y. Kung, F.-P. Chen, and S.-J. Hwang, “The different immunomodulation of indirect moxibustion on normal subjects and patients with systemic lupus erythematosus,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 47–56, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. X. Shen, G. Ding, J. Wei et al., “An infrared radiation study of the biophysical characteristics of traditional moxibustion,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 213–219, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. F. Cardini and H. Weixin, “Moxibustion for correction of breech presentation: a randomized controlled trial,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 280, no. 18, pp. 1580–1584, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Kanakura, K. Kometani, T. Nagata, K. Niwa, H. Kamatsuki, Y. Shinzato et al., “Moxibustion treatment of breech presentation,” The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 29, pp. 37–45, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  16. F. Cardini, P. Lombardo, A. L. Regalia et al., “A randomised controlled trial of moxibustion for breech presentation,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 743–747, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. I. Neri, V. De Pace, P. Venturini, and F. Facchinetti, “Effects of three different stimulations (acupuncture, moxibustion, acupuncture plus moxibustion) of BL.67 acupoint at small toe on fetal behavior of breech presentation,” The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 35, pp. 27–33, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. Sakakibara, E. Murakami, A. Katagiri, S. Hayakawa, T. Uchiyama, T. Yamamoto et al., “Moxibustion, an alternative therapy, ameliorated disturbed circadian rhythm of plasma arginine vasopressin and urine output in multiple system atrophy,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 46, pp. 1015–1018, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Mitchell and K. Allen, “An exploratory study of women's experiences and key stakeholders views of moxibustion for cephalic version in breech presentation,” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 14, pp. 264–272, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. E. Coyle, C. A. Smith, and B. Peat, “Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2, Article ID CD003928, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  21. I. van den Berg, J. L. Bosch, B. Jacobs, I. Bouman, J. J. Duvekot, and M. G. M. Hunink, “Effectiveness of acupuncture-type interventions versus expectant management to correct breech presentation: a systematic review,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 92–100, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  22. X. Li, J. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhang, and J. Liu, “Moxibustion and other acupuncture point stimulation methods to treat breech presentation: a systematic review of clinical trials,” Chinese Medicine, vol. 4, article no. 4, pp. 1–8, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  23. E. Cogo, M. Sampson, I. Ajiferuke et al., “Searching for controlled trials of complementary and alternative medicine: a comparison of 15 databases,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  24. A. R. Jadad, R. A. Moore, D. Carroll et al., “Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary?” Controlled Clinical Trials, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. R. White and E. Ernst, “A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for neck pain,” Rheumatology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 143–147, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Zhang, L. Qiu, and J. Zhang, “Observation on therapeutic effect of surround needling plus surround moxibustion on herpes zoster,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 123–125, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Liu, R. C. Yu, and W. J. Tang, “Influence of combined therapy of guben yiliu III, moxibustion and chemotherapy on immune function and blood coagulation mechanism in patients with mid-late stage malignant tumor,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 22, pp. 104–106, 2002 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  28. J. Liu, R. C. Yu, and X. Q. Rao, “Study on effect of moxibustion and guben yiliu III combined with chemotherapy in treating middle-late stage malignant tumor,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 262–264, 2001 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. Chen, Y. Jiang, and H. Wen, “Clinical study on treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma by radio- and chemotherapy with supplementary moxibustion on Shenque point,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 733–735, 2000 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. X. Zhao, M. Lu, X. Zhu, P. Gao, Y. L. Li, X. M. Wang et al., “Multi-central clinical evaluation of ginger-partitioned moxibustion for treatment of leukopenia induced by chemotherapy,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 27, pp. 715–720, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  31. H. Liao, P. Xi, Q. Chen, L. Yi, and Y. Zhao, “Clinical study on acupuncture, moxibustion, acupuncture plus moxibustion at Weiwanxiashu (EX-B3) for treatment of diabetes,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 482–484, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Z. Gao and J. Wang, “Clinical observation on drug-separated moxibustion at the navel for anti-aging,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 398–402, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. P. Li, Y. N. Yao, P. D. He, X. M. Gan, and F. L. Fan, “Clinical study on moxibustion for treatment of abnormal blood lipids,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 25, pp. 825–827, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  34. J. L. Zhao and Z. R. Li, “Clinical observation on mild-warm moxibustion for treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 13–16, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. F. W. Tian, Z. X. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Y. Gou, and H. Wang, “Controlled observation on Guan-moxibustion and suspended moxibustion for treatment of herpes simplex virus facial neuritis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, pp. 166–168, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  36. J. F. Zhang, G. S. Sun, and G. H. Zhao, “Observation on therapeutic effect of herbs-partitioned moxibustion on Parkinson disease of 54 cases,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 25, pp. 610–612, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  37. H. Y. Gao, X. L. Zhang, Y. Wang, and L. F. Yan, “Clinical observation on double moxibustion at Yifeng (TE 17) combined with electroacupuncture for treatment of facial paralysis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 25, pp. 713–714, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  38. G. A. Zhang, J. Luo, and L. H. Huang, “Observation on clinical therapeutic effect of improved thunder-fire miraculous needle on vertigo,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 280–282, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. W. Chen, M. Tan, L. A. Liang, and T. L. Weng, “Effects of moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36) and Xuanzhong (GB 39) on cerebrovascular function in the patient of ischemic apoplexy,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, pp. 161–165, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  40. S.-K. Moon, Y.-K. Whang, S.-U. Park et al., “Antispastic effect of electroacupuncture and moxibustion in stroke patients,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 467–474, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. R. Yang, H. Chen, and Q. Xie, “Observation on therapeutic effect of moxibustion at "heat sensitive points" on perennial allergic rhinitis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 114–116, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. G. Li, “Therapeutic effect of Zhuang medicine medicated thread moxibustion on asthma of lung deficiency type,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 25, pp. 181–183, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  43. X. Lai, Y. Li, Z. Fan, J. Zhang, and B. Liu, “An analysis of therapeutic effect of drug acupoint application in 209 cases of allergic asthma,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 122–126, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. X. Long, Q. Chang, and Q. Shou, “Clinical observation on 46 cases of infantile repeated respiratory tract infection treated by mild-moxibustion over acupoints on back,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 23–26, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. C. Cui and C. H. Li, “Clinical observation on drug-separated moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) for treatment of infantile autumn diarrhea,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 194–196, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. X. Gao, J. Yuan, H. Li., and S. Ren, “Clinical research on acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of chronic atrophic gastritis,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 87–91, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. S. M. Wang, X. G. Li, L. Q. Zhang, Y. C. Xu, and Q. Li, “Clinical study on drug-seperated moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) for treatment of ulcerative colitis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, pp. 97–99, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  48. H. Yu, M. Q. Zheng, and W. L. Wang, “Influence of moxibustion with small moxa-cone on the activity ptyalin and the contents of medium molecules in plasma to patients with diarrhea due to spleen-deficiency,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 65–66, 2002 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. X. Lin, J. Wu, and J. Du, “Study on effect of spine surgery on gastric function and its efficacy of relevant treatments,” Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 834–836, 2000 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. G. Wu, L. B. Zhou, D. R. Shi et al., “Morphological study on colonic pathology ulcerative colitis treated by moxibustion,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 861–865, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. C. Y. Diao, Y. K. Yang, Y. H. Lu, Z. Wang, X. R. Yan, and Y. Wang, “Observation on clinical therapeutic effect of Yang's cotton moxibustion on neurodermatitis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 176–178, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. J. X. Lao and Z. Y. Li, “Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture plus salt-partitioned moxibustion at Shenque (CV 8) in 60 cases of chloasma,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 25, pp. 35–36, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  53. R. X. Chen, M. F. Kang, W. L. He, S. Y. Chen, and B. Zhang, “Moxibustion on heat-sensitive acupoints for treatment of myofascial pain syndrome: a multi-central randomized controlled trial,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 395–398, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. K. Sun, J. Yang, and D. K. Shen, “Clinical observation on treatment of primary knee osteoarthritis of liver and kidney deficiency type with Aconite cake-separated moxibustion,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, pp. 87–90, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  55. J. W. Li, S. Y. Xiang, Z. Y. Ma et al., “Clinical observation on cake-separated mild-warm moxibustion for treatment of knee osteoarthritis,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 17–19, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. J. Jia, Q. Wang, T. Zhang, and J. Li, “Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis with medicated moxibustion plus salicylazosulfapyridine and methotrexate—a report of 30 cases,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 26–28, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. J. W. Li, J. M. Liu, Z. Y. Ma, Y. Y. Xiong, Y. B. Feng, S. Y. Xiang et al., “Clinical observation on treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with cake-separated mild moxibustion combined with Western medicine,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, pp. 192–4, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  58. Z. Xiaoxiang, “Jinger moxibustion for treatment of cervical vertigo—a report of 40 cases,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 17–18, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. L. Zhuang, “Twenty one cases of vertebral-artery-type cervical spondylosis treated with acupuncture and moxibustion,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 280–281, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. H. Sun, M. Y. Qiu, B. Q. Li et al., “Effect of moxibustion on quality of life in hemodialysis patients,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 321–324, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. S. P. Yun, W. S. Jung, S. U. Park et al., “Effects of moxibustion on the recovery of post-stroke urinary symptoms,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 947–954, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. H. L. Liu and L. P. Wang, “Randomized controlled study on ginger-salt-partitioned moxibustion at shenque (CV 8) on urination disorders poststroke,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 621–624, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. W. L. Li, L. Liu, and L. H. Sun, “Analysis on therapeutic effect of substance-partitioned moxibustion at Guanyuan (CV 4) and shenque (CV 8) for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea of cold-damp type,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 481–482, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. K. R. Shin, S. A. Kwak, J. B. Lee, and H. R. Yi, “The effectiveness of hand acupuncture and moxibustion in decreasing pain and "coldness" in Korea women who have had hysterectomy: a pilot study,” Applied Nursing Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 22–30, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  65. S. M. Wang, X. G. Li, L. Q. Zhang, Y. C. Xu, and Q. Li, “Clinical observation on medicine-separated moxibustion for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea and study on the mechanism,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 25, pp. 773–775, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  66. L. Zhao, “Clinical observation on the therapeutic effects of heavy moxibustion plus point-injection in treatment of impotence,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 126–127, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. S. M. Peng, “Comparison of several methods for conversion of breech presentation,” Zhongguo Yiyao Luntan, vol. 4, p. 30, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  68. F. Q. Yang, “Comparison of knee-chest position plus moxibustion on Zhiyin with knee-chest position for breech presentation,” Sichuan Chinese Medicine, vol. 24, pp. 106–107, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  69. Y. Chen and L. W. Yang, “Moxibustion on Zhiyin plus raising buttocks in a lateral position for correction fetal presentation in 73 cases,” Zhongyiyao Linchuang Zazhi, vol. 16, p. 333, 2004 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  70. Y. P. Lin, D. Q. Zhang, Y. Q. Hao, and X. W. Duan, “Combination of moxibustion at point Zhiyin and knee-chest position for correction of breech pregnancy in 63 cases,” Zhongguo Zhenjiu, vol. 22, pp. 811–812, 2002 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  71. P. T. Dorsher, “The 2001 STRICTA recommendations for reporting acupuncture research: a review with implications for improving controlled clinical trial design,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 147–151, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  72. B. Zhao, X. Wang, Z. Lin, R. Liu, and L. Lao, “A novel sham moxibustion device: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 53–60, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  73. J. E. Park, C. H. Han, K. W. Kang, M. S. Shin, D. S. Oh, and S. M. Choi, “A sham moxibustion device and Masking test,” Journal of Korean Oriental Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 93–100, 2007 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  74. M. Sampson, N. J. Barrowman, D. Moher et al., “Should meta-analysts search Embase in addition to Medline?” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 943–955, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  75. H. MacPherson, A. White, M. Cummings, K. Jobst, K. Rose, and R. Niemtzow, “Standards for reporting interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture: the STRICTA recommendations,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 246–249, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus