Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 576456, 9 pages
Original Article

Antioxidant Activity of Lawsonia inermis Extracts Inhibits Chromium(VI)-Induced Cellular and DNA Toxicity

School of Biotechnology, Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, VIT University, Vellore 632 014, India

Received 18 June 2009; Accepted 9 November 2009

Copyright © 2011 Gunjan Guha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. G. Mortuza, T. Takahashi, T. Ueki, T. Kosaka, H. Michibata, and H. Hosoya, “Toxicity and bioaccumulation of hexavalent chromium in green paramecium, Paramecium bursaria,” Journal of Health Science, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 676–682, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  2. F. A. Cotton and G. Wilkinson, Advanced Organic Chemistry: A Comprehensive Text, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 4th edition, 1980.
  3. C.-C. Lin, M.-L. Wu, C.-C. Yang, J. Ger, W.-J. Tsai, and J.-F. Deng, “Acute severe chromium poisoning after dermal exposure to hexavalent chromium,” Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 219–221, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. P. Arslan, M. Beltrame, and A. Tomasi, “Intracellular chromium reduction,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 931, no. 1, pp. 10–15, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  5. G. Kim and E. J. Yurkow, “Chromium induces a persistent activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases by a redox-sensitive mechanism in H4 rat hepatoma cells,” Cancer Research, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 2045–2051, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. A. Biedermann and J. R. Landolph, “Role of valence state and solubility of chromium compounds on induction of cytotoxicity mutagenesis anchorage independence in diploid human fibroblasts,” Cancer Research, vol. 50, pp. 7835–7842, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  7. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Chromium nickel and welding. IARC Monograph on The Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, vol. 49, World Health Organization, Lyon, France, 1990.
  8. J. Xu, G. J. Bubley, B. Detrick, L. J. Blankenship, and S. R. Patierno, “Chromium (VI) treatment of normal human lung cells results in guanine-specific DNA polymerase arrest, DNA-DNA cross-links and S-phase blockade of cell cycle,” Carcinogenesis, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1511–1517, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. Z. Zhang, S. S. Leonard, S. Wang, V. Vallyathan, V. Castranova, and X. Shi, “Cr (VI) induces cell growth arrest through hydrogen peroxide-mediated reactions,” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 222, no. 1-2, pp. 77–83, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. F. D'Agostini, A. Izzotti, C. Bennicelli, A. Camoirano, E. Tampa, and S. De Flora, “Induction of apoptosis in the lung but not in the liver of rats receiving intra-tracheal instillations of chromium(VI),” Carcinogenesis, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Singh, D. L. Carlisle, D. E. Pritchard, and S. R. Patierno, “Chromium-induced genotoxicity and apoptosis: relationship to chromium carcinogenesis (review),” Oncology Reports, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1307–1318, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. Ding and X. Shi, “Molecular mechanisms of Cr(VI)-induced carcinogenesis,” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 234-235, pp. 293–300, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Surveswaran, Y.-Z. Cai, H. Corke, and M. Sun, “Systematic evaluation of natural phenolic antioxidants from 133 Indian medicinal plants,” Food Chemistry, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 938–953, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. E. Lev and Z. Amar, “"Fossils" of practical medical knowledge from medieval Cairo,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 24–40, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  15. E. B. Marc, A. Nelly, D.-D. Annick, and D. Frederic, “Plants used as remedies antirheumatic and antineuralgic in the traditional medicine of Lebanon,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 315–334, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. A. A. Gbolade, “Inventory of antidiabetic plants in selected districts of Lagos State, Nigeria,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 135–139, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. B. S. Nayak, G. Isitor, E. M. Davis, and G. K. Pillai, “The evidence based wound healing activity of Lawsonia inermis Linn,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 827–831, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. T. Dasgupta, A. R. Rao, and P. K. Yadava, “Modulatory effect of henna leaf (Lawsonia inermis) on drug metabolising phase I and phase II enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation and chemically induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis in mice,” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 245, pp. 11–22, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  19. W. Brand-Williams, M. E. Cuvelier, and C. Berset, “Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity,” Food Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. B. Arnao, A. Cano, and M. Acosta, “The hydrophilic and lipophilic contribution to total antioxidant activity,” Food Chemistry, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 239–244, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. I. F. F. Benzie and J. J. Strain, “The ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) as a measure of “antioxidant power”: the FRAP assay,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 239, no. 1, pp. 70–76, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  22. B. Halliwell and J. M. C. Gutteridge, Free Radicals in Biological and Medicine, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1999.
  23. NIH, Principles of Laboratory Animal Care, NIH, Bethesda, Md, USA, 1985.
  24. O. S. Weislow, R. Kiser, D. L. Fine, J. Bader, R. H. Shoemaker, and M. R. Boyd, “New soluble-formazan assay for HIV-1 cytopathic effects: application to high-flux screening of synthetic and natural products for AIDS-antiviral activity,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 81, no. 8, pp. 577–586, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  25. E. Lister and P. Wilson, Measurement of Total Phenolics and ABTS Assay for Antioxidant Activity (personal communication), Crop Research Institute, Lincoln, UK, 2001.
  26. H. Sakakibara, Y. Honda, S. Nakagawa, H. Ashida, and K. Kanazawa, “Simultaneous determination of all polyphenols in vegetables, fruits, and teas,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 571–581, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  27. M. D. Enger and Y. J. Kang, “Cellular and molecular mechanisms of metal toxicities,” in Handbook of Human Toxicology, E. J. Massaro, Ed., pp. 189–284, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  28. A. Russo, A. A. Izzo, V. Cardile, F. Borrelli, and A. Vanella, “Indian medicinal plants as antiradicals and DNA cleavage protectors,” Phytomedicine, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 125–132, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  29. D. Strack, “Phenolic metabolism,” in Plant Biochemistry, P. M. Dey and J. B. Harbourne, Eds., pp. 387–416, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  30. A. Michalak, “Phenolic compounds and their antioxidant activity in plants growing under heavy metal stress,” Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 15, pp. 523–530, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  31. A. Othman, A. Ismail, N. Abdul Ghani, and I. Adenan, “Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of cocoa beans,” Food Chemistry, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 1523–1530, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. L. Yu, S. Haley, J. Perret, M. Harris, J. Wilson, and M. Qian, “Free radical scavenging properties of wheat extracts,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 1619–1624, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. M. E. Zumrutdal, M. Ozaslan, M. Tuzcu et al., “Effect of lawsonia inermis treatment on mice with sarcoma,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7, no. 16, pp. 2781–2786, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  34. I.-J. Kang and M.-H. Lee, “Quantification of para-phenylenediamine and heavy metals in henna dye,” Contact Dermatitis, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 26–29, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  35. Y.-H. Wei and H.-C. Lee, “Oxidative stress, mitochondrial DNA mutation, and impairment of antioxidant enzymes in aging,” Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 227, no. 9, pp. 671–682, 2002. View at Google Scholar