Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 723696, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/723696
Research Article

Distribution and Abundance of Archaea in South China Sea Sponge Holoxea sp. and the Presence of Ammonia-Oxidizing Archaea in Sponge Cells

1Marine Biotechnology Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China
2Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Changhai Road 225, Shanghai 200438, China

Received 14 January 2011; Revised 13 May 2011; Accepted 28 June 2011

Copyright © 2011 Fang Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. O. O. Lee, Y. Wang, J. Yang, F. F. Lafi, A. Al-Suwailem, and P. Y. Qian, “Pyrosequencing reveals high diverse and species-specific microbial communities in sponges from the Red Sea,” International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal, vol. 5, pp. 650–664, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. S. Webster and L. L. Blackall, “What do we really know about sponge-microbial symbioses,” International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–3, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. W. Taylor, R. T. Hill, J. Piel, R. W. Thacker, and U. Hentschel, “Soaking it up: the complex lives of marine sponges and their microbial associates,” International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 187–190, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Vogel, “The inner lives of sponges,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5879, pp. 1028–1030, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. W. Taylor, R. Radax, D. Steger, and M. Wagner, “Sponge-associated microorganisms: evolution, ecology, and biotechnological potential,” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 295–347, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. E. Williamson, “An ultrastructural investigation of algal symbiosis in white and green Spongilla lacustris (L.) (Porifera: Spongillidae),” Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, vol. 98, pp. 59–77, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. J. Garson, A. E. Flowers, R. I. Webb, R. D. Charan, and E. J. McCaffrey, “A sponge/dinoflagellate association in the haplosclerid sponge Haliclona sp.: cellular origin of cytotoxic alkaloids by percoll density gradient fractionation,” Cell and Tissue Research, vol. 293, no. 2, pp. 365–373, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. E. Flowers, M. J. Garson, R. I. Webb, E. J. Dumdei, and R. D. Charan, “Cellular origin of chlorinated diketopiperazines in the dictyoceratid sponge Dysidea herbacea (Keller),” Cell and Tissue Research, vol. 292, no. 3, pp. 597–607, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Maldonado, N. Cortadellas, M. I. Trillas, and K. Rützler, “Endosymbiotic yeast maternally transmitted in a marine sponge,” Biological Bulletin, vol. 209, no. 2, pp. 94–106, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Schmitt, H. Angermeier, R. Schiller, N. Lindquist, and U. Hentschel, “Molecular microbial diversity survey of sponge reproductive stages and mechanistic insights into vertical transmission of microbial symbionts,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 74, no. 24, pp. 7694–7708, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. M. Preston, K. Y. Wu, T. F. Molinski, and E. F. Delong, “A psychrophilic crenarchaeon inhabits a marine sponge: Cenarchaeum symbiosum gen. nov., sp. nov,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 93, no. 13, pp. 6241–6246, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. Holmes and H. Blanch, “Genus-specific associations of marine sponges with group I crenarchaeotes,” Marine Biology, vol. 150, no. 5, pp. 759–772, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. S. Webster, J. E. M. Watts, and R. T. Hill, “Detection and phylogenetic analysis of novel crenarchaeote and euryachaeote 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences from a Great Barrier Reef sponge,” Marine Biotechnology, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 600–608, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Margot, C. Acebal, E. Toril, R. Amils, and J. L. Fernandez Puentes, “Consistent association of crenarchaeal archaea with sponges of the genus Axinella,” Marine Biology, vol. 140, no. 4, pp. 739–745, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Pape, F. Hoffmann, N. V. Quéric, K. Von Juterzenka, J. Reitner, and W. Michaelis, “Dense populations of archaea associated with the demosponge Tentorium semisuberites Schmidt, 1870 from Arctic deep-waters,” Polar Biology, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 662–667, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Steger, P. Ettinger-Epstein, S. Whalan et al., “Diversity and mode of transmission of ammonia-oxidizing archaea in marine sponges,” Environmental Microbiology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1087–1094, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. J. Hallam, K. T. Konstantinidis, N. Putnam et al., “Genomic analysis of the uncultivated marine crenarchaeote Cenarchaeum symbiosum,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, no. 48, pp. 18296–18301, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. S. Turque, D. Batista, C. B. Silveira et al., “Environmental shaping of sponge associated archaeal communities,” PloS One, vol. 5, Article ID e15774, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  19. Z. Y. Li and Y. Liu, “Marine sponge Craniella austrialiensis-associated bacterial diversity revelation based on 16S rDNA library and biologically active Actinomycetes screening, phylogenetic analysis,” Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 410–416, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. De Rosa, S. De Caro, G. Tommonaro, K. Slantchev, K. Stefanov, and S. Popov, “Development in a primary cell culture of the marine sponge Ircinia muscarum and analysis of the polar compounds,” Marine Biotechnology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 281–286, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. F. DeLong, “Archaea in coastal marine environments,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 89, no. 12, pp. 5685–5689, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. A. Francis, K. J. Roberts, J. M. Beman, A. E. Santoro, and B. B. Oakley, “Ubiquity and diversity of ammonia-oxidizing archaea in water columns and sediments of the ocean,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 102, no. 41, pp. 14683–14688, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Nakaya, Y. Onodera, T. Nakagawa et al., “Analysis of ammonia monooxygenase and archaeal 16S rRNA gene fragments in nitrifing acid-sulfate soil micocosms,” Microbes and Environments, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 168–174, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. Ovreas, L. Forney, F. L. Daae, and V. Torsvik, “Distribution of bacterioplankton in meromictic Lake Saelenvannet, as determined by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of PCR-amplified gene fragments coding for 16S rRNA,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 3367–3373, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. D. Schloss and J. Handelsman, “Introducing DOTUR, a computer program for defining operational taxonomic units and estimating species richness,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 1501–1506, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Tamura, J. Dudley, M. Nei, and S. Kumar, “MEGA4: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1596–1599, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. Bayer, S. Schmitt, and U. Hentschel, “Physiology, phylogeny and in situ evidence for bacterial and archaeal nitrifiers in the marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba,” Environmental Microbiology, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 2942–2955, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Wehrl, M. Steinert, and U. Hentschel, “Bacterial uptake by the marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba,” Microbial Ecology, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 355–365, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus