Traditional Chinese Herbal Patch for Short-Term Management of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial
Baseline characteristics of the study participants.
Han Chinese, no.(%)
Body mass index, kg/m2
Duration of knee pain (on study knee), years*
Patient VAS (study knee; range 0–100 mm)
WOMAC pain (range 0–20)
WOMAC stiffness (range 0–8)
WOMAC physical function (range 0–68)
WOMAC total score (range 0–96)
Investigator TCMSQ subscale
Swelling (range 0–6)
Range of motion (range 0–6)
Fatigue in the region of waist and knee muscles (range 0–6)
Fear of coldness (range 0–6)
Self-reported comorbidities, no. (%)
Values are the mean ±SD or the number (percentage). P values were calculated by one-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA). VAS: visual analog scale; WOMAC: Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index; TCMSQ: Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome Questionnaire. *.
We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at email@example.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.