Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Chan Dietary Intervention Enhances Executive Functions and Anterior Cingulate Activity in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of participants in the control and experimental groups.

CharacteristicsControl group ( )Experimental group ( ) P value

Age (mean ± SD), years −1.300.21
Gender, male (%)83.383.30.001.00
IQ (mean ± SD) 1.110.28
Diagnosis0.170.68
 Autistic disorder (%)5058.3
 PDD-NOS (%)5041.7
Severity of disorder (mean ± SD)
 ADI-R social interaction −0.170.86
 ADI-R communication −0.320.76
 ADI-R stereotyped behavior −1.060.30
 ADI-R abnormal < 36 months 0.820.42

ADI-R: Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised; IQ: intelligence quotient as assessed by the Chinese version of  Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition or the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition; PDD-NOS: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, not otherwise specified.

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