Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Acupuncture Improves Sleep Conditions of Minipigs Representing Diurnal Animals through an Anatomically Similar Point to the Acupoint (GV20) Effective for Humans

Table 1

Effect of acupuncture at different acupoints on sleep conditions and urinary catecholamine.

 Untreatedp-BaihuiDafengmen

SE (%)31.8 ± 6.037.8 ± 8.551.9 ± 7.3
TST (min)114 ± 22136 ± 31187 ± 27**
Activity 27.6 ± 1.327.7 ± 5.422.1 ± 3.7
Norepinephrine (ng)870 ± 124693 ± 352  467 ± 18*
Epinephrine (ng)114 ± 36168 ± 89149 ± 36

Data are presented as the means ± SEM. SE, sleep efficiency; TST, total sleep time. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01 versus untreated MMPigs.