Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Analgesic and Antiinflammatory Activities of the Aqueous Extract from Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. Both In Vitro and In Vivo

Figure 4

Inhibitory effects of PA on carrageenan-induced mice paw edema and inflammation. (a) Treatment of PA (1.0 g/kg) significantly reduced the paw edema formation. Delta volume (ΔV) represents the degree of swelling of carrageenan-treated paw. (b) Treatment of PA (1.0 g/kg) significantly decreased the levels of MDA, TNF-α, and COX-2. MDA concentration and the levels of TNF-α and COX-2, showing as percentage, were presented as mean ± SEM (n = 10). *P < 0.05, ***P < 0.001 as compared with the carrageenan-treated only group.
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