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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 626740, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/626740
Research Article

The Effects of Clinical Hypnosis versus Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) before External Cephalic Version (ECV): A Prospective Off-Centre Randomised, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2Institute of Biostatistics and Mathematical Modeling, Faculty of Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Received 6 March 2012; Revised 30 March 2012; Accepted 3 May 2012

Academic Editor: Olumayokun A. Olajide

Copyright © 2012 Joscha Reinhard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To examine the effects of clinical hypnosis versus NLP intervention on the success rate of ECV procedures in comparison to a control group. Methods. A prospective off-centre randomised trial of a clinical hypnosis intervention against NLP of women with a singleton breech fetus at or after 370/7 (259 days) weeks of gestation and normal amniotic fluid index. All 80 participants heard a 20-minute recorded intervention via head phones. Main outcome assessed was success rate of ECV. The intervention groups were compared with a control group with standard medical care alone ( 𝑛 = 1 2 2 ). Results. A total of 42 women, who received a hypnosis intervention prior to ECV, had a 40.5% ( 𝑛 = 1 7 ), successful ECV, whereas 38 women, who received NLP, had a 44.7% ( 𝑛 = 1 7 ) successful ECV ( 𝑃 > 0 . 0 5 ). The control group had similar patient characteristics compared to the intervention groups ( 𝑃 > 0 . 0 5 ). In the control group ( 𝑛 = 1 2 2 ) 27.3% ( 𝑛 = 3 3 ) had a statistically significant lower successful ECV procedure than NLP ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 5 ) and hypnosis and NLP ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 3 ). Conclusions. These findings suggest that prior clinical hypnosis and NLP have similar success rates of ECV procedures and are both superior to standard medical care alone.